Status of monument -> National monument
Pursuant to Article V para. 4 Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Article 39 para. 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, at a session held from 21 to 24 November 2011 the Commission adopted a
D E C I S I O N
The historic Čokadži Sulejman Vakuf mixed-use building in Sarajevo is hereby designated as a National Monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the National Monument).
The National Monument is located on a site designated as cadastral plot no. 184, cadastral municipality Sarajevo XIII (new survey), corresponding to c.p. nos. 5 and 98, c.m. Sarajevo CXX and CXIX (old survey), Land Register entry no. 60, Municipality Stari Grad, City of Sarajevo, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The provisions relating to protection measures set forth by the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, established pursuant to Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of the Federation of BiH nos. 2/02, 27/02, 6/04 and 51/07) shall apply to the National Monument.
The Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the Government of the Federation) shall be responsible for providing the legal, scientific, technical, administrative and financial measures necessary for the protection, conservation, restoration and presentation of the National Monument.
The Commission to Preserve National Monuments (hereinafter: the Commission) shall determine the technical requirements and secure the funds for preparing and setting up signboards with basic details of the monument and the Decision to proclaim the property a National Monument.
To ensure the on-going protection of the National Monument on the area defined in Clause 1 para. 2 of this Decision, the following protection measures are hereby stipulated:
- only investigative and conservation-restoration works, remedial works and works designed for the presentation of the monument are permitted, subject to the approval of the Federal Ministry responsible for regional planning (hereinafter: the relevant ministry) and under the expert supervision of the heritage protection authority of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the heritage protection authority);
- the original appearance of the property shall be preserved during any restoration works;
- the premises may be adapted to suit modern needs (installation of central heating and other interior works), provided that the stylistic features of the property are preserved, and subject to the approval of the relevant ministry and under the expert supervision of the heritage protection authority;
- all PVC fittings on the ground floor shall be replaced in line with documentation on the original state of the property, and all appliances and other accretions on the main façades (air conditioning units, advertising hoardings, signs) shall be removed;
- the property may be used for residential, commercial, educational and cultural purposes in a manner that shall not compromise the integrity of the property and its meaning in the townscape.
All executive and area development planning acts are hereby revoked to the extent that they are not in accordance with the provisions of this Decision.
Everyone, and in particular the competent authorities of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Canton, and urban and municipal authorities, shall refrain from any action that might damage the National Monument or jeopardize the preservation thereof.
The Government of the Federation, the relevant ministry, the heritage protection authority, and the Municipal Authorities in charge of urban planning and land registry affairs, shall be notified of this Decision in order to carry out the measures stipulated in Articles II to V of this Decision, and the Authorized Municipal Court shall be notified for the purposes of registration in the Land Register.
The elucidation and accompanying documentation form an integral part of this Decision, which may be viewed by interested parties on the premises or by accessing the website of the Commission (http://www.kons.gov.ba).
Pursuant to Art. V para 4 Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, decisions of the Commission are final.
This Decision shall enter into force on the day following its publication in the Official Gazette of BiH.
This Decision has been adopted by the following members of the Commission: Zeynep Ahunbay, Martin Cherry, Amra Hadžimuhamedović, Dubravko Lovrenović and Ljiljana Ševo.
23 November 2011.
Chair of the Commission
E l u c i d a t i o n
I – INTRODUCTION
Pursuant to Article 2, paragraph 1 of the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, established pursuant to Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a “National Monument” is an item of public property proclaimed by the Commission to Preserve National Monuments to be a National Monument pursuant to Articles V and VI of Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and property entered on the Provisional List of National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of BiH no. 33/02) until the Commission reaches a final decision on its status, as to which there is no time limit and regardless of whether a petition for the property in question has been submitted or not.
On 1 October 2010, Emir Kadić of Toronto, Canada, submitted a petition/proposal to the Commission to Preserve National Monuments to designate the Čokadži Sulejman Vakuf mixed-use building in Sarajevo as a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Pursuant to the provisions of the law, the Commission proceeded to carry out the procedure for reaching a final decision to designate the property as a national monument, pursuant to Article V para. 4 of Annex 8 and Article 35 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments.
Statement of Significance
The Čokadži Sulejman Vakuf mixed-use building in Sarajevo is an important work of modernism from the inter-war period, designed by Reuf Kadić, a pioneer of modernism in Bosnia and Herzegovina, who produced five of his finest designs in Sarajevo in just three years, from 1938 to 1940. The building is also of considerable documentary and townscape value, providing authentic evidence of the concept of town planning in Sarajevo in the inter-war period.
II – PRELIMINARY PROCEDURE
In the procedure preceding the adoption of a final decision to proclaim the property a national monument, the following documentation was inspected:
- details of the current condition and use of the property, including a description, architectural survey and photographs,
- an inspection of the current state of the property,
- a copy of the cadastral plan,
- a copy of the Land Register entry,
- historical, architectural and other documentary material on the property, as set out in the bibliography forming part of this Decision.
Pursuant to Article V para. 2 of Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Article 37 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission, before rendering a final decision designating a property as a national monument, the Commission is required to provide the owner of the proposed monument, the person submitting the petition, the institutions responsible for heritage, professional and academic institutions, experts and scholars, as well as other interested parties, to express their views. Accordingly, the Commission sent a letter ref. 07.3 – 35.2-10/10-229, dated 26 November 2010, requesting documentation and views relating to the designation of the Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf mixed-use building in Sarajevo, to the Archives of BiH, the Construction Authority of Sarajevo Canton, the Institute for the Protection of the Cultural and Natural Heritage of Sarajevo Canton, the Development Planning Authority of Sarajevo Canton, Stari Grad Municipality and the Institute for the Protection of Monuments under the Federation Ministry of Culture and Sport.
In response, the Commission received the following documentation:
- letter ref. 01-05-5-2729/10 of 3 December 2010 from Stari Grad Municipality, stating that it has “no suggestions” relating to the property, which is registered as state-owned.
The findings based on the review of the above documentation and the condition of the site are as follows:
1. Details of the property
The Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf building in Sarajevo is located on the north side of Austrijski Trg (Austrian Square) in Bistrik. The Hajji Sulejman Čokadžija Mosque stands to the south of the building, while to the west is the Filipović Barracks) now housing the Ministry of Defence of BiH), built during the Austro-Hungarian period.
The National Monument is located on a site designated as cadastral plot no. 184, cadastral municipality Sarajevo XIII (new survey), corresponding to c.p. nos. 5 and 98, c.m. Sarajevo CXX and CXIX (old survey), Land Register entry no. 60, Municipality Stari Grad, Sarajevo, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf building in Sarajevo was built on vakuf land in what is now Austrijski Trg, close to the mosque built in 1539 by Hajji Čokadžija Sulejman effendi, an ajan (leading townsman) and aristocrat.
Once built, the mosque – also known as “Za beglukom,” was made into a pious endowment, as was the mekteb (Qur’an school) for boys and a house in nearby Sheikh Ferahova mahala (Abdesthani)(1).
Also preserved in the Čokadži hajji Sulejman mahala is the Jelidersko turbe, known locally as the Seven Brothers turbe (mausoleum)(2). The site on which the vakuf building now stands was formerly occupied by a Naqshbandiyya tekke with a burial ground(3).
During the Austro-Hungarian period, the area became a military precinct when the barracks, completed in 1902, was built for the Austro-Hungarian military. In 1910 the square was renamed Trg Franje Josipa I (Franz Joseph I Square)(4).
Between the two world wars, new buildings were erected in Sarajevo of almost every type being built in other European countries, ranging from administrative, commercial and residential properties to stadiums, banks, post offices, hospitals, barracks and places of worship.
Housing accounted for the majority of these new buildings. No major new developments extending the size of the city were built between 1918 and 1941; most new buildings were designed as infills within existing urban blocks(5). In European architecture, the period was dominated by the modern movement, whose proponents strongly rejected both tradition and ornament, equating them with “crime.” The Czech cubist school of architecture, represented by the Club for Prague, went even further, not opposing modernism as an idea, but contesting the radical faction in the modern movement, headed by Karel Teig, in order to preserve the old centre of Prague(6).
The Czech Republic was dominated at that time by the idea of “healthy functionalism,” which advocated a harmonious synthesis of content and form, especially as regards housing, combined with the achievements of technological progress, which would later have a particular impact on Reuf Kadić’s designs for housing(7).
A group of young architects returned to Sarajevo in the mid 1920s, on completion of their studies of architecture at some of Europe’s leading academies, where they had been educated under the influence of the modern movement(8), but also of the debate between the proponents of modernism and the advocates of retrograde movements, as well as that between radical representatives of modernism and members of the Czech cubist school. Among these young architects were the brothers Muhamed and Reuf Kadić(9), graduates of the Technical University in Prague, where they had begun their studies in 1926 and 1927 respectively.
In November 1935, Reuf Kadić began working at the Vakuf Directorate in Sarajevo as head of the Technical Office and chief architect, a post he retained until August 1942. During his time at the Directorate, he designed and built over fifty buildings for the Vakuf, among them the Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf mixed-use building, erected in 1939(10): work on the design of the building began in the autumn of 1938, and construction was completed in 1939(11).
The execution of the Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf mixed-use building falls within the second period in the development of inter-war architecture in Sarajevo, which began in 1926(12), when the new generation of architects, training in forward-looking central European schools of architecture, made their mark on the architectural scene in Sarajevo. They introduced new ideas into housing architecture: everything was to be to the human scale, including everything needed for a well-organized home life, and the living space was to provide for work, rest, leisure and comfort. Function was properly understood, resulting in designs that developed from the interior outwards(13). Pseudo-styles were rejected, and buildings were designed with large windows and an emphasis on their structure, as was typical of the period(14).
Reuf Kadić produced his five most important designs in Sarajevo in just three years, from 1938 to 1940(15), one of them being the Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf building in Bistrik.
From the moment the building came into public occupancy, it was a mixed residential and commercial property. It suffered no serious damage during World War II, and its original function remained unaltered during the remainder of the 20th century and the early 21st.
Prior to 1999, the three-storey office building of the board of the Islamic Community of Sarajevo was built onto the south side of the building, later followed by routine maintenance works on the flat roof, which was leaking.
In the mid 2000s, the attic was adapted on the south side, when dormer windows were added to east and west.
2. Description of the property
The Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf mixed-use building in Sarajevo was built as a detached building(16) on a sloping site. Stylistically, it is in the modernist manner.
The building is polygonal in plan, with overall dimensions of 23.60 x 24.00 m, and has four storeys, plus a basement on the south side of the building. The height, viewed from the lowest point to the north, is 16.50 m. Functionally, the ground floor on the north side was designed as commercial premises, and the rest of the building as residential.
The entrance to the residential part of the building is to the east(17), and the commercial premises are entered from the north(18). There is an additional side entrance to the commercial premises from the west, and yet another entrance to smaller commercial premises on the east side(19).
The north side of the ground floor is occupied by the larger commercial premises, a self-service store with an area of 135.00 sq.m., which is interconnected with the service quarters, storeroom and office on the south-west side, with an area of 56.00 sq.m. To the south-east, the smaller commercial premises house a pharmacy with an area of 50.00 sq.m.
The south side of the ground floor is about 2.00 m higher than the north, on account of the sloping site, with a flight of stone steps 2.70 m in width leading to the east entrance. The first area of the south, residential part of the building is a square storm porch with sides of 2.70 m, leading to a stairwell 4.40 m in width, giving direct access to the south to two small flats each of 44.00 sq.m. On the opposite side is a pair of flights of steps 120 cm in width, of which the one to the west leads down to the basement, and the one to the east leads to the first-floor landing, where there are three flats facing north onto Austrijski Trg.
The middle flat is a bed-sit with an area of 21.00 sq.m. It is flanked by two flats, symmetrical in layout(20), with an area of 113.00 sq.m. These each have an entrance hallway of 2.75 x 4.40 m, with a kitchen-dining room to the north, measuring 4.40 x 4.80 m overall(21), and a living room of 4.50 x 5.45 m, at the north end of which is a glazed loggia of 4.50 x 2.00 m. To the south is a square bedroom with sides of 4.30 m, with a terrace of 4.45 x 1.15 m, and a bathroom.
On the south side are another two flats each of 60.00 sq.m. on the mezzanine level between the first and second floors.
The layout of the second floor and of the mezzanine between the second and third floors matches that of the storey below.
At third-floor level are two flats to the side, each of 65.00 sq.m. Here the space in the middle, occupied by a bed-sit on the lower storeys, constitutes the exit onto the flat terrace to the north, which measures 23.00 x 4.00 m(22).
A flight of stairs leads from the third floor to the attic on the south side of the building, where there is a flat of 120.00 sq.m. with a gabled roof, its ridge lying north-south.
The façades of the building were composed in line with modernist principles. The north façade faces onto Austrijski Trg, with the east and west ends forming the side façades(23).
The central section of the north façade is occupied at ground-floor level by the three glazed panels of the commercial premises, measuring 4.40 x 4.50 m overall. To the east is a double-valved entrance of 1.50 x 2.10 m with overlight, and to the west an overlight of 4.40 x 0.80 m. At first- and second-floor level, the central section is occupied by three groups of three two-light windows with overlights, each measuring 4.40 x 1.90 m. To the sides are three horizontal ranks each with five glazed panels of 80 x 60 cm enclosing the loggias(24).
The east façade consists of a north and a south section. The north section is a continuation of the north façade, with shop windows on the ground floor; above are three ranks each with two glazed panels enclosing the loggias, and balconies with appropriate doors on the opposite side. The double-valved entrance door to the residential part of the building is in the south section, along with the basement windows and the two-light and three-light windows of the ground, first and second floors. At third-floor level are the three two-light windows of the attic dormers.
The composition of the west façade is very similar to that of the east, differing in that at ground-floor level, there is a single-valved side door into the commercial premises instead of the double-valved door leading into the stairwell.
The construction and materials of the mixed-use building consist of reinforced concrete and a system of longitudinal bearing walls, beams and posts. The infill of the non-bearing exterior and interior walls is of mortared brick. The outer walls are 30 cm thick, while inside are walls 20 and 15 cm thick.
The original exterior woodwork of the residential part of the building was of good quality timber, with the exception of the loggias, where there are glazed panels. The woodwork of the ground-floor commercial premises has been replaced by white PVC. The floors of the stairwell and stairs are of artificial stone. The stairs are fitted with a metal banister and wooden handrail.
The ground floor ceilings are 4.00 m high, those of the first and second floors are 3.00 m high, and on the third floor the ceiling is 2.60 m high. The interfloor structure is 30 cm thick. The roof structure of the northern part of the building (the flat roof) is of reinforced concrete with hydroinsulation overlaid by 1 metre square concrete slabs. The southern part of the building has a wooden roof clad with classic tiles. The skylight over the stairwell is of reinforced glass set in a metal structure.
3. Legal status to date
According to the Institute for the Protection of Monuments under the Federal Ministry of Culture and Sport(25), the Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf mixed-use building in Sarajevo is listed but not entered on the register of cultural monuments.
4. Research and conservation-restoration works
It is not known whether any particular investigative or conservation-restoration works have been carried out on the Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf mixed-use building in Sarajevo. The building suffered no serious damage in either World War II or the 1992-1995 war, so that no major works have been necessary. During the latter half of the 20th century, most of the works carried out were of the nature of routine maintenance. After the 1992-1995 war, the flat roof was repaired and the attic storey of the southern part of the building was adapted.
5. Current condition of the property
The Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf mixed-use building in Sarajevo is in very good structural condition, and since the flat roof was repaired the building is watertight. The rendered façades have suffered from lack of maintenance, but the interior is maintained to an exemplary standard. Some of the original woodwork on the ground floor has been replaced by inappropriate PVC fittings, and various obtrusive signs of inappropriate shape and colour have been placed on the building, along with air conditioning units.
6. Specific risks
There are no marked specific risks associated with the Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf building in Sarajevo.
III – CONCLUSION
Applying the Criteria for the adoption of a decision on proclaiming an item of property a national monument (Official Gazette of BiH nos. 33/02 and 15/03), the Commission has enacted the Decision cited above.
The Decision was based on the following criteria:
A. Time frame
C. Artistic and aesthetic value
C. i. quality of workmanship
C.ii. quality of materials
D. Clarity (documentary, scientific and educational value)
D.iii. work of a major artist or builder
F. Townscape/ Landscape value
F.ii. meaning in the townscape
G.i. form and design
G.ii. material and content
G.iii. use and function
G.v. location and setting
I.i. physical coherence
I.iv. undamaged condition
The following documents form an integral part of this Decision:
- Ownership documentation
- Copy of cadastral plan 184, c.m. Sarajevo XIII (new survey), title deed 1117, plan no. 3; scale 1:1000 (old survey c.p. nos. 5 and 98, c.m. Sarajevo CXX and CXIX), issued on 30.11.2010 by the Department of Proprietary Rights, Geodetics and Cadastral Affairs, Stari Grad Municipality, Sarajevo Canton, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Land Register entry for plot no. 98, c.m. Sarajevo CXIX, Land Register entry no. 60 (old survey), Nar. no. 065-0-NarII-010-068935 of 09.12.2010, Land Registry Office of the Municipal Court in Sarajevo, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Land Register entry for plot no. 5, c.m. Sarajevo CXX, Land Register entry no. 12 (old survey), Nar. no. 065-0-NarII-010-068934 of 09.12.2010, Land Registry Office of the Municipal Court in Sarajevo, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Documentation on previous protection:
- Letter from the Institute for the Protection of Monuments under the Federal Ministry of Culture and Sport ref.07-40-4-4500-1/10 of 02.12.2010
- Historical photographs of the Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf building in Sarajevo, taken in 1939: Emir Kadić. Arhitekt Reuf Kadić i počeci moderne arhitekture u Bosni i Hercegovini. Sarajevo: Emir Kadić, 2010, 46
- Historical photographs of the Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf building in Sarajevo, taken in the period 1970 to 1985: Emir Kadić. Arhitekt Reuf Kadić i počeci moderne arhitekture u Bosni i Hercegovini. Sarajevo: Emir Kadić, 2010, 48
- Photographs of the interior and exterior of the Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf building in Sarajevo, taken in January 1999 by architect Emir Softić
- Photographs of the interior and exterior of the Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf building in Sarajevo, taken on 7 December 2010 by architect Adi Ćorović, using Sony DSC – H10 digital camera
- Technical documentation
- Survey of the Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf building in Sarajevo in December 2010 by architects Amra Sarić and Adi Ćorović
- Other documentation
- Report on maintenance of the common parts of the building – entrance – for the period 2002-2010, Bistrik 8. Sarajevo: Sarajevostan, 2010.
During the procedure to designate the monument as a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina the following works were consulted:
1911. Šejh Sejfudin Kemura. “Sarajevske džamije i druge javne zgrade turske dobe” (Sarajevo’s mosques and other public buildings of the Turkish period). Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja. Sarajevo: Provincial Museum, 1911.
1963. Finci, Jahiel. Razvoj dispozicije i funkcije u stambenoj kulturi Sarajeva (Development of layout and function in the housing of Sarajevo). Sarajevo: Housing Construction Authority of SR BiH, 1963.
1973. Bejtić, Alija. Ulice i trgovi starog Sarajeva (Streets and squares of old Sarajevo). Sarajevo: Sarajevo Museum, 1973.
1988. Various authors: Graditelji Sarajeva (The builders of Sarajevo). Sarajevo: Radio Sarajevo III programme, 1988.
1997. Milošević, P. Arhitektura u kraljevini Jugoslaviji (Sarajevo 1918-1941) (Architecture in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia [Sarajevo 1918-1941]). Foča: Prosvjeta, 1997.
1998. Mujezinović, Mehmed. Islamska epigrafika Bosne i Hercegovine (Islamic epigraphics of Bosnia and Herzegovina), bk. I. Sarajevo: Sarajevo-Publishing, 1998.
2007. Janković, Ž. Muhamed Kadić – život i djelo (Muhamed Kadić – his life and work), Sarajevo: Academy of Sciences and Arts of BiH, Bosniac Institute Foundation Adil Zulfikarpašić, 2007.
2008. Decision designating the architectural ensemble of the housing complex at Džidžikovac in Sarajevo as a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina, adopted at a session of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments held in Sarajevo from 29 January to 5 February 2008.
2008. Decision designating the Pension Fund building in Sarajevo as a national monument, adopted at a session of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments held in Sarajevo from 26 May to 2 June 2008.
2008. Kadić, Emir. Arhitekt Reuf Kadić i počeci moderne arhitekture u Bosni i Hercegovini (Architect Reuf Kadić and the beginnings of modern architecture in Bosnia and Herzegovina). Sarajevo: Emir Kadić, 2010.
2010. Ugljen, Zlatko. „Foreword – Sjećanja“ (Reminiscences), in Emir Kadić, Arhitekt Reuf Kadić i počeci moderne arhitekture u Bosni i Hercegovini. Sarajevo: Emir Kadić, 2010.
2011. Ibelings, Hans. European Architecture since 1890. Amsterdam: SUN architecture.nl, 2011.
(1) Šejh Sejfudin Kemura. “Sarajevske džamije i druge javne zgrade turske dobe.” Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja, Sarajevo: Provincial Museum, 1911, 50
(2) The exact date of the turbe is not known, but it probably dates from the very early Ottoman period, when a sheikh was buried there. Two dervishes who had been unjustly executed are known to have been buried there in 1494. Šejh Sejfudin Kemura, Op.cit., Sarajevo, 1911, 54, 55
(3) M. Mujezinović, Islamska epigrafika Bosne i Hercegovine, Bk. I, Sarajevo: Sarajevo-Publishing, 1998, 443
(4) From 1918 to 1946, which includes the time when the Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf building was being built, the square was named after Z. Ranković, the commanding officer who led the troops into Sarajevo in 1918. Alija Bejtić, Ulice i trgovi Sarajeva, Sarajevo: Muzej grada Sarajeva, 1973, 365, 366
(5) Predrag Milošević, Arhitektura u kraljevini Jugoslaviji (Sarajevo 1918-1941), Foča: Prosvjeta, 1997, 134
(6) Živorad Janković, Muhamed kadić – život i djelo, Sarajevo: Akademija nauka i umjetnosti Bosne i Hercegovine, Bošnjački institut Fondacija Adila Zulfikarpašića, 2007, 35 - 37
(7) Emir Kadić, Arhitekt Reuf Kadić i počeci moderne arhitekture u Bosni i Hercegovini, Zlatko Ugljen, “Predgovor – Sjećanja,” Sarajevo: Emir Kadić, 2010, 6
Their starting point included such features as exposure to the sun, wide-open views, contact with the greenery of city parks and streets, and a layout of the flat or house as a functional entity with the most direct communication possible between the different rooms. These ideas marked a significant advance in the architecture of housing blocks in Sarajevo and in Bosnia and Herzegovina as a whole.
P. Milošević, Op.cit., 1997, 134
(8) E. Kadić, Op.cit., 2010, 14
(9) Muhamed Kadić was born in Mostar in 1906, and Reuf Kadić in Sarajevo on 25 April 1908. Reuf Kadić began his studies in Prague in 1927, but both brothers returned frequently to Sarajevo, where Reuf worked in an architects’ studio to put himself through his studies. In 1930 the authorities confiscated his passport on account of his liberal political ideas, which compelled him to remain in Sarajevo until 1931, continuing to work there until his passport was returned, when he went back to Prague, graduating in 1934. Emir Kadić, Op.cit., 2010, 16, 17
For more on the brothers Muhamed and Reuf Kadić, see the decision designating the architectural ensemble of the housing complex at Džidžikovac in Sarajevo as a national monument, adopted at a session of the Commission to Preserve National monuments held in Sarajevo from 29 January to 5 February 2008.
Various authors, Graditelji Sarajeva, Sarajevo: Radio Sarajevo III programme, 1988, 479
(10) His brother Muhamed was involved as co-designer in developing the design for the Čokadži hajji Sulejman Vakuf building (Ž. Janković, Op.cit., 2007, 51 – 52), but at that time Muhamed had still not obtained his formal qualifications as an architect, graduating in Prague only in 1939, when the building was already completed. Muhamed’s revolutionary spirit had led to his being banned from studying in Prague from 1933 to the autumn of 1938. Ž. Janković, Op.cit., 2007, 21, 22
(11) The building is probably one of the most successful to be designed and built in Sarajevo in the modernist style prior to World War II. E. Kadić, Op.cit., 2010, 49
(12) During the first inter-war period, inertia prevailed, and most housing was designed and built along the lines of Austro-Hungarian architecture, with only minor improvements as regards layout and form. See decision designating the Damić House at no. 10 Radićeva St. in Sarajevo as a national monument, adopted at a session of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments held in Sarajevo from 12 to 18 May 2009.
(13) P. Milošević, Op.cit., 1997, 134
(14) J. Finci, Razvoj dispozicije i funkcije u stambenoj kulturi Sarajeva, Sarajevo: Zavod za stambenu izgradnju SR BiH, 1963, 42
(15) These five pre-war designs are the Vakuf of Čokadži hajji Sulejman, 1939; the Kopčić family house, 1939; the Pension Fund building, by Muhamed and Reuf Kadić, 1940 (see decision designating the Pension Fund building in Sarajevo as a national monument, adopted at a session of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments held in Sarajevo from 26 May to 2 June 2008); the Vakuf of Hovadža Kemaludina (Mekteb), 1939-40; and the Vakuf Hovadža Kemaludina (high-rise), 1940, building completed 1947. The last two designs were also produced with Reuf’s brother Muhamed as co-designer.
In 1947, Reuf Kadić, then aged 38, completed with his brother the design for the housing complex at Džidžikovac (see decision designating the architectural ensemble of the housing complex at Džidžikovac in Sarajevo as a national monument, adopted at a session of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments held in Sarajevo from 29 January to 5 February 2008). Just after doing so, he gave up active design work. E. Kadić, Op.cit., 2010, 47
(16) In the late 1990s a three-storey extension was built onto the south side for Jedileri doo company, the property of the Board of the Islamic Community of Sarajevo.
(17) A double-valved wooden glazed door measuring 140cm x 210cm
(18) A double-valved PVC glazed door measuring 150cm x 210cm
(19) A single-valved PVC glazed door measuring 100cm x 220cm
(20) A similar layout is to be seen in later designs for housing in which Reuf Kadić was involved. In 1946-47 he and his brother Mohamed designed and executed the housing complex at Džidžikovac, where the residential blocks have larger flats to the side with bedsits between (see decision designating the architectural ensemble of the housing complex at Džidžikovac in Sarajevo as a national monument, adopted at a session of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments held in Sarajevo from 29 January to 5 February 2008).
(21) In some flats the kitchen and dining room are divided by a wall with a single-valved connecting door.
(22) Running north-south to the sides are the elongated areas of the flat terrace, measuring 1.15 x 8.65 m, from which metal steps lead to the flat roof over the third-floor flats. The skylight admitting light to the stairwell is in the middle of this raised flat terrace.
(23) The building has no south façade since the extension was built.
(24) The third floor is set back southwards, and has a central exit of 90 x 210 cm to the flat terrace, with a pair of four-light windows to the sides.
(25) Letter from the Institute for the Protection of Monuments under the Federal Ministry of Culture and Sport ref.07-40-4-4500-1/10 of 02.12.2010.