The Fortress in Kozarac
As part of its eighth session, held from 5 to 12 May 2003, the Commission to Preserve National Monuments in Bosnia and Herzegovina visited Prijedor Municipality. During the visit the Commission visited the Fortress in Kozarac, a monument included on the Provisional List of National Monuments under serial no. 466, which thus, pursuant to the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments in Bosnia and Herzegovina, enjoys the highest level of protection as an asset of importance for Bosnia and Herzegovina.
On inspection of the condition of the monument the Commission noted that works are being conducted that are a direct threat to the monument – the construction of residential and business premises within the ramparts and bastions of the fortress in their immediate proximity, and close to the tower, the removal of and damage to parts of the ramparts, and illicit and inappropriate extentions to the walls.
Until February 2002 the Fortress in Kozarac did not enjoy the status of a protection cultural asset. The construction of residential buildings within the fortress and in the area adjacent to the ramparts and bastions was not prohibited by law before the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Buildings destroyed during the war should therefore be rebuilt to their pre-war horizontal and vertical dimensions. The renovation of buildings destroyed or damaged during the war is indispensable to the process of returns of refugees and displaced persons.
Given the status of national monument acquired by the Fortress in Kozarac by virtue of being entered on the Provisional List of National Monuments in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the protection measures stipulated by the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the local and Entity should take all necessary steps to preserve this monument from further devastation. It is essential to put a stop to further damage to the ramparts, bastions and tower, the construction of buildings that did not exist before the war within the fortress and its immediate surroundings, and any enlargement, horizontally or vertically, of buildings being renovated.
The Commission to Preserve National Monuments in Bosnia and Herzegovina will draft for its forthcoming ninth session a detailed report on the condition of the Fortress in Kozarac and the measures necessary to protect it, and consistent with this will decide whether to include this monument on the list of endangered national monuments in Bosnia and Herzegovina.