Status of monument -> National monument
Pursuant to Article V para. 4 Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Article 39 para. 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, at a session held from 1 to 7 July 2003 the Commission adopted a
The archaeological site of Mile – the coronation and sepulchral church of the Bosnian kings, Arnautovići, Visoko Municipality is hereby designated as a National Monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the National Monument).
The National Monument is located on cadastral plot 690 and 696, cadastral municipality Alaudin, Visoko Municipality, Federation of BiH, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The provisions relating to protection and rehabilitation measures set forth by the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, established pursuant to Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of the Federation of BiH nos. 2/02 and 27/02) shall apply to the National Monument.
The Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the Government of the Federation) shall be responsible for ensuring and providing the legal, scientific, technical, administrative and financial measures necessary to protect, conserve, display and rehabilitate the National Monument.
The Government of the Federation shall be responsible for providing the resources for drawing up and implementing the necessary technical documentation for the rehabilitation of the National Monument.
The Government of the Federation shall be responsible in particular for implementing the Comprehensive ruling on the protection and landscaping of the archaeological site of Mile-Arnautovići, Visoko drawn up by the Federation heritage protection authority (hereinafter: the heritage protection authority), which entails the following required activities:
· relocation of the local road parallel with the railway track
· relocation of the buildings from c.p. 695, 691, 692 and 693
The Commission to Preserve National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the Commission) shall determine the technical requirements and secure the funds for preparing and setting up signboards with the basic data on the monument and the Decision to proclaim the property a National Monument.
To ensure the lasting preservation of the National Monument the following protection zones are hereby defined:
Protection Zone I comprises c.p. 690 and 696, which includes the archaeological remains of the coronation and sepulchral church of the Bosnian kings.
In Protection Zone I no new building, erection of temporary structures or other operations that could have the effect of altering the site shall be permitted.
Protection Zone II comprises c.p..687, 688, 689, 692, 692, 691, 692, 693, 695, 692, 698, 701, 703, 704, and 705.
In Protection Zone II the following measures shall apply:
· all construction is prohibited
· the dumping of all kinds of waste is prohibited
· works of any kind to the infrastructure are prohibited unless in exceptional circumstances with the approval and under the expert supervision of the heritage protection authority,
Protection Zone III consists of a protective zone of a width of 50 m from the outer limits of Protection Zone II. In this zone the following measures shall apply:
· the construction of commercial manufacturing facilities is prohibited
· the dumping of all kinds of waste is prohibited.
In Protection Zone III the restoration, reconstruction and adaptation of buildings that were in existence prior to 1992 is permitted, as is the interpolation of buildings of a maximum of two storeys (ground plus one, 6.5 m in height to the roof cornice) and maximum horizontal dimensions of 12 x 10 with pitched roofs no steeper than 45 degrees clad with tiles. Detailed planning and building permit plans for the construction of new buildings must include the approval of the heritage protection authority of FBiH.
The removal of the archaeological finds located in the National Museum in Sarajevo and the Regional Museum in Visoko, listed in the inventory of finds of the museums, from Bosnia and Herzegovina is prohibited.
By way of exception to the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Clause, the temporary removal from Bosnia and Herzegovina of the archaeological finds for the purposes of display or conservation shall be permitted if it is established that conservation works cannot be carried out in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Permission for the temporary removal of the archaeological finds from Bosnia and Herzegovina under the conditions stipulated in the preceding paragraph shall be issued by the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, if it is determined beyond doubt that it will not jeopardize the collection in any way.
In granting permission for the temporary removal of the collection, the Commission shall stipulate all the conditions under which the removal may take place, the date by which the collection shall be returned to Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the responsibility of individual authorities and institutions for ensuring that these conditions are met, and shall notify the Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the relevant security service, the customs authority of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the general public accordingly.
All executive and area development planning acts not in accordance with the provisions of this Decision are to be revoked.
Everyone, and in particular the competent authorities of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Canton, and urban and municipal authorities, shall refrain from any action that might damage the National Monument specified in Clause I of this Decision or jeopardize the preservation and rehabilitation thereof.
The Government of the Federation, the Federal Ministry of Regional Planning and the Environment, the Federation heritage protection authority, and the Municipal Authorities in charge of urban planning and land registry affairs, shall be notified of this Decision in order to carry out the measures stipulated in Articles II-V of this Decision, and the Authorized Municipal Court shall be notified for the purposes of registration in the Land Register.
The elucidation and accompanying documentation form an integral part of this Decision, which may be viewed by interested parties on the premises or by accessing the website of the Commission (http://www.aneks8komisija.com.ba)
Pursuant to Art. V para 4 Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, decisions of the Commission are final.
This Decision shall enter into force on the date of its adoption and shall be published in the Official Gazette of BiH and the Official Gazette of the Federation of BiH.
This Decision has been adopted by the following members of the Commission: Zeynep Ahunbay, Amra Hadžimuhamedović, Dubravko Lovrenović, Ljiljana Ševo and Tina Wik.
No. 06-6-894/03-2 Chairman of the Commission
2 July 2003
Sarajevo Amra Hadžimuhamedović
E l u c i d a t i o n
I – INTRODUCTION
Pursuant to Article 2, paragraph 1 of the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, established pursuant to Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a “National Monument” is an item of public property proclaimed by the Commission to Preserve National Monuments to be a National Monument pursuant to Articles V and VI of Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and property entered on the Provisional List of National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of BiH no. 33/02) until the Commission reaches a final decision on its status, as to which there is no time limit and regardless of whether a petition for the property in question has been submitted or not.
At a session held on 1-2 July 1999 the Commission issued a Decision to add the archaeological site of Mile, Arnautovići, Visoko Municipality to the Provisional List of National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina, under the heading Mediaeval site of Mile – coronation and sepulchral church of the Bosnian kings, numbered as 766.
Pursuant to the provisions of the law, the Commission proceeded to carry out the procedure for reaching a final decision to designate the Property as a National Monument, pursuant to Article V of Annex 8 and Article 35 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments.
II – PROCEDURE PRIOR TO DECISION
In the procedure preceding the adoption of a final decision to proclaim the property a national monument, the following documentation was inspected:
· Documentation on the location and current owner and user of the property (copy of cadastral plan and copy of land registry entry)
· Data on the current condition and use of the property, including a description and photographs, data of war damage if any, data on restoration or other works on the property if any, etc.
· Historical, architectural and other documentary material on the property, as set out in the bibliography forming part of this Decision.
The findings based on the review of the above documentation and the condition of the site are as follows:
1. Details of the site
The archaeological site of Mile is on c.p. 690 and 696, c.m. Alaudin, name of the plot Trapovi, Visoko Municipality.
The village of Arnautovići (the name it acquired in the seventeenth or eighteenth century) – mediaeval Mile – is in the Visoko plain to the right of the river Bosna close to the confluence of the riverlet Goruša with the Bosna. It is surrounded by a high railway embankment, a road and the riverbed of the Bosna, and is some 2 km from the old varoš (small town) of Podvisoki, while closer still are Biskupići and Moštre, well-known political and cultural centres in mediaeval Bosnia. A road led northwards from there to the famous historical and cultural mediaeval sites of Sutjeska and Bobovac, and southwards to Podvisoki, Milodraž and Fojnica.
The site on which stand the remains of the church, known as Zidine or Crkvina, is on the northern edge of the village, close to the right bank of the Bosna.
The present appearance of the site was affected in particular by the construction of the railway line in 1947, when the ruins were roughly levelled and a shack erected on them to accommodate youth work brigades. A narrow-gauge railway line was laid, later turned into a road, cutting through the site and the church so that it now consists of two separate parts. Private houses were built alongside the road, one of which is right beside the site.
The part of the Mile site (in written sources: Mile, St. Nicholas, Visoko, Mileševo) that has been investigated stands on the site of a former wealthy neolithic settlement dating to approx. 2600-2400 BCE.
· the earliest reference is in a charter of Bela IV dated 1244 as a holding of the Bosnian bishopric (“in Mel apud eclesiam Cosme et Damiani” – in Melo by the church of SS Cosmo and Damian) (Anđelić, 1979, pp. 232-233)
· in the 14th century Mile as well as Kraljeva Sutjeska was where the ban held court, and like it was a centre of affairs of state
· between 1326 and 1329, a charter was issue in Mile by which ban Stjepan II Kotromanić and his brother prince Vladislav bestowed as a feudal holding the parishes of Banica and Donje Krajeve to prince Vukosav Hrvatinić
· ban Stjepan II Kotromanić erected the first Franciscan monastery of St Nicholas on land of the Bosnian bishopric referred to in the 1244 charter (Ančić, 1985, 104-106)
· in 1354 ban Tvrtko and his mother issued a special charter in Mile confirming the right of prince Vlatko Vukosavić to all the lands he had held during the reign of ban Stjepan
· historians have differing views on the place where King Tvrtko was crowned. Ćirković says the coronation took place in autumn, «probably on Mithras day, 26 October 1377, on 'Serbian land', perhaps in the monastery of Mileševo, the site of a special cult of St Sava, founder of the Orthodox church» (Ćirković, 1964, 137). Over the past forty or so years, particularly since the archaeological excavations conducted by P. Anđelić, another theory has emerged. Taking into consideration all the known facts about Mile, Anđelić hypothesizes that Mile, a powerful political and cult centre (the seat of the Bosnian krstjans or followers of the Bosnian Church was in nearby Moštre) in an ideal geographical position, became the site of the coronation of the Bosnian kings. As a result, and in the light of all the political and ecclesiastical circumstances of the day as well as Anđelić’s archaeological findings (Anđelić, 238-239), and sphragistic and numismatic studies, the most recent theory is that the «metropolitan of the monastery of Mileševo and his monks, as they are called by Orbini, who crowned Tvrtko I could only be 'the true Lord Bishop of the Bosnian Church' and Bosnian krstjani» (Lovrenović, 1999, 235).
· Mile is one of the places where Bosnian state assemblies were held. The large old graves, along with the graves of Stjepan II and Tvrtko I, heightened the importance of Mile as a centre of posthumous cult. After the founding of the first Franciscan monastery and the establishment of the Franciscan province (vicariat) in 1340, it became the seat of religious institutions. The monastery also played an important part as keeper of royal and other public documents (locus credibilis)
· from 1367 to 1407 there are a number of references in historical sources to monetary contributions by Dubrovnik merchants to the monastery of St Nicholas in Mile (Anđelić, 1979, 234-235; Kovačević-Kojić, 1978, 285)
· from 1380 to 1390 there are references in a number of Franciscan chronicles to the monastery of St Nicholas in Mile (Anđelić, 1979, 234)
· from 1450 on, information relating to the monastery and church is to be found in various chronicles, Franciscan monastery inventories and reports by church dignitaries (Anđelić, 1979, 234-236).
Legal status to date
Pursuant to the law, and by Ruling of the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments of SR BiH no. 05-351-1/66 dated 12 March 1966 in Sarajevo, Zidine Arnautovići, was placed under state protection.
The archaeological site of mediaeval Mile near Visoko is on the Provisional List of National Monuments, as Mediaeval site of Mile (Arnautovići), coronation and sepulchral church of the Bosnian kings, serial no. 766.
The site is not listed in the Regional Plan of the Republic of BiH to 2002.
2. Description of the monument
The complex archaeological site of Mile consists of four architectural ensembles in specific spatial and chronological relations:
1. the oldest wall, at the south-eastern corner of the nave of the large church and part of the Romanesque church, considered by Truhelka, Ćorović and Basler (Kujundžić) as antique or late antique (Kujundžić, 1970, 171-184, although he later changed his views). Subsequent archaeological excavations confirmed that there had been Roman buildings in the immediate vicinity of where the mediaeval church later stood (remains of a plaster floor of antique origin and pieces of Roman roof tiles). However, the thickness of the walls, some 1.30 m, does not agree with either antique or late antique standards. Until the later excavations, the said arch structure had been pulled down and the lateral wall lay under the road. The rest of the building thus remains chronologically indeterminate (Anđelić, 1979, 191).
2. a Romanesque church erected over the oldest building
3. an early Gothic church, abutting onto the apse of the Romanesque church
4. a late Gothic church of considerable size resulting from the enlargement of the earlier Gothic church.
All that remains of the Romanesque church are the foundation walls, to a depth of 1 metre in places. The remains of the church floor have disappeared. The walls varied in thickness from 0.9 m. for the front wall to 1.05 – 1.15 elsewhere. They were built partly of quarry stone or stone taken from the river bed, bonded with large quantities of rich lime mortar and not laid in regular courses.
In ground plan this was a simple longitudinal building with a semicircular apse, lying east-west. The interior dimensions were 14.50 m long, 6.60 to 7.00 m wide and the radius of the apse 2.25 m. Ten piers of unequal dimensions buttressed the side walls (three each) the front wall (two) and the apse (two). The piers range in thickness from 1.1 to 1.25 m and in length from 1.4 to 1.7 m. The nave of the church is separated from the apse by two pilasters. The thickness of the walls (1.10 to 1.25 m) and the deep foundations suggest that the church may have had a stone barrel vault (P. Anđelić, 192), although it seems that no church had a stone-vaulted nave, but perhaps only in the apses. The windows were semicircular double-sash, with moulded frames, and the door on the front facade, 1.14-1.10 m wide, narrowed slightly towards the inside. Alongside the front of the church, in the structure of one of the graves, a simply moulded piece of a stone transom was found that could have been part of a window frame. In the royal sepulchre, a window lintel bifora terminating in a round arch was found (measuring 1.21 x 0.65 m), of typical Romanesque shape, which probably belonged to this church (Anđelić, 1979, 192).
This church is dated to the twelfth or thirteenth century.
The ground plan of the early Gothic church is a simple longitudinal structure with an apse in the form of an equal-sided trapezoid and piers on all sides. The interior dimensions of the church are 11.40 x 6.50 m, with the thickness of the walls and piers ranging from 1.45 to 1.55 m. The piers are 1.90 to 2.00 m long and were built at the same time as the walls. The thickness of the walls and piers suggests that the church was relatively high and that it had a stone vault (Anđelić, 1979, 194). The only characteristic stylistic feature is the ground plan of the apse, which is what determines this church as Gothic; no other aesthetic features can reliably be identified in the church.
It is thought to have been built around 1340, immediately after the founding of the monastery, on the basis of the choice of patron normally associated with the church (Anđelić, 1979, 195).
· Date of construction of the church – early 14th century
· In 1600 Bishop Baličević reported that the Visoko church was small but handsome, and that it was known as the royal chapel. By that time the larger Gothic church had probably already been demolished but the earlier Gothic church with the royal sepulchre was still in use.
The later or great Gothic church took in the Romanesque and the existing Gothic church, with an extension of the nave to the west and the building of a sacristy (8.50 x 4.70 m) on the north side. The earlier Gothic church thus retained the function of presbytery and took on the role of church choir stalls; for this reason the floor was raised 0.6 m above the floor level of the nave. When the new church was built the walls of the early Gothic church were buttressed with strong pilasters, three on the north and three on the south wall (1.1-1.30 x 0.5m). The nave is roughly square, with the sides measuring 14.40 m, 13.35 m, 14.25 m and 15.50 m. The north walls are about 1.69 m thick, the west 1.40, and the south wall is an extension of the wall of the Romanesque church, 1.05 + 0.30 m. The sacristy and choir were connected by a door. Piers of unequal size and strength buttressed the walls on three sides. A stećak was even built into the southern pier. According to Patsch’s 1909 plan, the entrance to the church, of which only traces remained, was asymmetrically placed. The floor of the nave of the great church was paved with roughly split stone slabs laid on mortar.
The older Gothic church probably had a stone vault, the structure of which is not known. The addition of the carefully worked pilasters leads to the assumption that when the new Gothic church was built particular attention was paid to the vault of the choir area (of the earlier Gothic church, that is). Since no parts of the vault have been found, whether it was a barrel vault or a ribbed vault remains unknown (Anđelić, 1979, 197). Given its considerable span of more than 14 m, the nave had a wooden roof structure. The mouldings of the stone fragments that probably belonged to window frames are typical of rudimentary Gothic. From the piece of the Gothic bifora window lintel assumed to be from Mile, and the markedly Gothic conception of the entire building, the windows too probably took the form of classic Gothic bifora (Anđelić, 1979, 198).
Faint remains of frescoes were found in two places in the great church: on the northern part of the apse around the entrance to the sacristy, and alongside the northern part of the west wall of the great Gothic church to the left of the entrance. About 60 small fragments were found in the apse with very fresh pigments, on some of which the pigments and contours of flesh tones could be seen. By the entrance to the church a mere six fragments were found, similar in pigment and in the structure of the plaster to the frescoes in the apse.
Because there are so few fragments, it is hard to determine the style to which these frescoes belong. The choice of pigments and the structure of the plaster suggest a link with the Bobovac frescoes, and they are assumed to date from the first half of the fifteenth century.
The new church was probably built because the royal sepulchre was erected in the earlier church, which thus became too small for the needs of the monastic community and for the ceremony of the coronation. In these circumstances, it is likely that the ruling family stayed in the area of the earlier church (Anđelić 1979,199). There are a variety of fragments of decorative stone mouldings and carvings, including some from the church and some from tombstones. Most of them were made by self-taught local stonemasons. On the mouldings on the pieces found the work of craftsmen familiar with the standard forms but without great artistic pretensions can be recognized. In size and quality of stonemasonry, some pieces suggest a high degree of skill and artistic ability. This is particularly true of the surviving block of the classic Gothic bifora, the stone pilasters, parts of the royal sepulchre and the carefully worked ridge-shaped stećak.
A large quantity of baked building bricks of dark red and dark brown colouring was also found in the ruins of the church, probably used for the vaults.
The stećaks around the church and in the church itself are of standard shapes, without any particular visible regional features. Inside the church is a tombstone slab with typical edging moulding in the shape of a blunt angle, which commonly accompanies Gothic architecture. The appearance of stećaks in Mile is interesting for the fact that a stećak was placed on the royal sepulchre, or in and around the monastery church.
One of the rare finds of this type is a bronze bell (4.7 cm high, diameter of the mouth 4.7 cm) found in the ruins of the church. It was used as a mass bell, with Renaissance and baroque ornamental motifs.
Dating of the church: the exact date when the great Gothic church was built is still a matter of hypothesis: one is that it was built during the lifetime of King Tvrtko I or immediately after his death, and the other that it was built during the first half of the fifteenth century when there was great church-building activity around Bosnia (Anđelić, 1979, 236).
Tombs filled the interior of the church, while around it to the east, south and west was a large stećak necropolis. More than 100 graves have been discovered or partly excavated, of which 36 are inside the church.
The later excavations identified four masonry tombs, of which the most important is the royal sepulchre. A few burials were in stone-lined tombs, some of which were merely surrounded and covered with stone slabs, while others had gable roofs. Most of the deceased were merely laid on the ground. In some tombs there was evidence of burial in wooden coffins.
The most common form of stećak is the slab type, as a result of the available material, a soft stone, and the fact that this region does not abound in stone. There are also other standard stećak forms, mainly the chest type, but fewer in number. Most of the osteological material had been destroyed so it was not possible to determine the anthropological features of the deceased. The burial ground was used mainly in the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries. However, some archaically styled earrings date from the eleventh and twelfth centuries. On the other hand, graves lie over the ruins of the church too, which means that burials continued here even after the demolition of the church in the late seventeenth century.
The grave goods found, with the exception of the royal sepulchre, are silver and bronze earrings of various types, parts of leather belts with bronze fittings, rounded bronze buttons, various silver and bronze rings, fragments of glass goblets, and Italian piccoli forged over a period from the twelfth to the fourteenth century.
The sepulchre of ban Stjepan II Kotromanić (d. 1353) could not be verified archaeologically. Mavro Orbini and many Franciscan chroniclers recount that ban Stjepan II built the church of St Nicholas in Mile and that he was buried there at his own request (Anđelić, 1979, 231-232)..
The sepulchre of King Tvrtko I Kotromanić (ruled 1353-1377 as ban and reigned from 1377-1390 as king) stood at the far end of the church choir symmetrically placed between the second and third pair of pilasters. It was squarish in form, measuring 2.00 x 2.80 m. Within it was a free-standing sarcophagus measuring 1.90 x 1.00 m. The above-ground part of the sepulchre was of reddish-brown stone slabs with mouldings and figural decoration in bas relief and a monolithic ridge stećak on a plinth, carefully cut from pure fine-grained limestone. The stećak, now an amorphous, badly worn lump, lies alongside the north wall of the church, where it was found during the course of the later excavations. The finely worked tombstone above the sepulchre of the king and those buried with him (seven people, it is believed) and the stećak were made by a skilled and highly trained stonemason (Anđelić, 1979, 230).
The finds of material culture are of considerable value:
· parts of a brocade mantle with the royal coat of arms, used to drape over the coffin
· four gold rings, one silver and one bronze with traces of gilding. The latter two were signet rings
· a narrow diadem with 20 gilded platelets, and a gold platelet found separately
· part of a brocade band with silver buttons
All these are in the mediaeval collection of the National Museum and are on display.
3. Research and conservation and restoration works
· In 1909-1910 K Patsch, custodian of the National Museum in Sarajevo, excavated the ruins of the church and part of the burial ground running alongside the church. His findings were never published, the documentation was not deposited for safe keeping as prescribed, and the items remained uninventoried, which was highly unusual for the National Museum at that time. The movable archaeological items from these excavations were inventoried in 1950. In 1969 the documentation was discovered, deposited in the National Museum
· In 1950-1951 I. Čremošnik entered in the inventory of the National Museum the finds from the 1909-1910 dig. In 1951 she visited the site and gave a report about the state of the site following the construction of the railway
· In 1967 the Regional Museum in Visoko organized minor a minor test dig on the site to ascertain the condition and extent of the archaeological strata. On that occasion intact mediaeval graves with stećaks were found, and a few coins of Italian provenance were found as gravegoods alongside the skeletons. The documentation and movable archaeological items from this dig are preserved in the Regional Museum in Visoko
· In 1976-1977 systematic excavations were conducted under the guidance of Pavao Anđelić. The entire west wall of the church was dug out, and a trench dug along the other walls so as to be able to determine the contours of the building. The documentation and finds from this dig are in the Regional Museum in Visoko
· In 1978 works on the earlier church were carried out and the damaged walls of the west façade were surveyed
· In 1977 and 1979 conservation works were carried out
· In 1999, under the management of the Institute for the Protection of the Cultural, Historical and Natural Heritage of BiH, conservation and restoration works began to a design project for the protection of the archaeological site of Arnautovići – Mile. The project provided for three stages, of which only the first has been carried out, relating to the repair of part of the damaged walls; future works will be carried out once the present road has been moved.
4. Current condition of the site
An on-site inspection revealed the following:
· the site is nicely landscape and there is a noticeboard with basic historical details
· the site suffered no war damage
· the site is at risk from the construction of a building in the immediate vicinity
· the site is exposed to specific risks (traffic, pollution, weathering)
· the site is at risk of rapid deterioration as a result of lack of regular maintenance.
III - CONCLUSION
Applying the Criteria for the adoption of a decision on proclaiming an item of property a national monument, adopted at the fourth session of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments (3 to 9 September 2002), the Commission has enacted the Decision cited above.
The Decision was based on the following criteria:
A. Time frame
B. Historical value
C. Artistic and aesthetic value
C. i. quality of workmanship
C.ii. quality of materials
C. v. value of details
D.i. material evidence of a lesser known historical era
D.ii. evidence of historical change
D.iii. work of a major artist or builder
D. iv. evidence of a particular type, style or regional manner
E. Symbolic value
H. Rarity and representativity
H.i. unique or rare example of a certain type or style
The following documents form an integral part of this Decision:
- Copy of cadastral plan
- Copy of land register entry and proof of title;
During the procedure to designate the monument as a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina the following works were consulted:
Ančić, Mladen, Gdje je bio podignut prvi franjevački samsostan u srednjovjekovnoj Bosni. (Where were the first Franciscan monasteries erected in mediaeval Bosnia) Papers of the Institute of History, XX, 21, Sarajevo, 1985, 95-114.
Anđelić, Pavao, Bobovac i Kraljeva Sutjeska, stolna mjesta bosanskih vladara u XIV i XV stoljeću. (Bobovac and Kraljeva Sutjeska, capitals of the Bosnian rulers in the 14th and 15th centuries) Veselin Masleša, Sarajevo, 1972
Anđelić, Pavao, Doba srednjovjekovne bosanske države. (Era of the mediaeval Bosnian state) In Visoko i okolina kroz istoriju (Visoko and its surroundings through history). Visoko Municipal Council, Visoko 1984, 103-309.
Anđelić, Pavao, Grobovi bosanskih kraljeva u Arnautovićima kod Visokog. (Graves of the Bosnian kings in Arnautovići nr. Visoko) Journal of the National Museum (Archaeology), n.s. vol. XVII National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, 1962,165-171
Anđelić, Pavao, Krunidbena i grobna crkva bosanskih vladara u Milima (Arnautovićima) kod Visokog. (Coronation and sepulchral church of the Bosnian rulers in Mile) Journal of the National Museum XXXIV/1979, National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, 1980,183-247.
Ćirković, Simo, Istorija srednjovjekovne bosanske države (History of the Mediaeval Bosnian State), Belgrade 1964
Ćirković, Simo, Sugubi venac, prilog istoriji kraljevstva u Bosni, Collected Papers of the Faculty of Philosophy VIII, Mihalj Dinić Commemorative Vol. 1, Belgrade, 1964, 343-369
Čremošnik, Irma, Nalazi nakita u srednjovjekovnoj zbirci Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu. (Jewellery finds in the mediaeval collection of the National Museum in Sarajevo) Journal of the National Museum, n.s. Vol. VI, National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, 1951, 241-270.
Kovačević-Kojić, Desanka, Gradska naselja srednjovjekovne bosanske države. (Urban settlements of the mediaeval Bosnian state) Veselin Masleša, Sarajevo, 1978.
Kujundžić, Juraj, Crkva sv. Nikole u Visokom (Church of St Nicholas in Visoko) Dobri pastir, XIX-XX, Journal of the Society of Catholic Priests, Sarajevo 1970, 171-184.
Lovrenović, Dubravko, Proglašenje Bosne kraljevinom 1377 (Proclamation of Bosnia as a kingdom, 1377) Forum Bosnae, 3-4, Sarajevo 1999, 227-290.