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Necropolis with stećak tombstones at Ravnice in Dubočani, the historic site

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Status of monument -> National monument

Pursuant to Article V para. 4 Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Article 39 para. 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, at a session held from 26 to 28 March 2012 the Commission adopted a

 

D E C I S I O N

 

I

 

The historic site of the necropolis with stećak tombstones at Ravnice in Dubočani, Municipality Konjic, is hereby designated as a National Monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the National Monument). 

The National Monument consists of the necropolis with 49 stećak tombstones.

The National Monument is located on a site designated as cadastral plot no. 1425, Land Register entry no. 280, cadastral municipality Spiljani, Municipality Konjic, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The provisions relating to protection measures set forth by the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, established pursuant to Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of the Federation of BiH nos. 2/02, 27/02, 6/04 and 51/07) shall apply to the National Monument.

 

II

 

The Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the Government of the Federation) shall be responsible for providing the legal, scientific, technical, administrative and financial measures necessary for the protection, conservation and presentation of the National Monument.

The Commission to Preserve National Monuments (hereinafter: the Commission) shall determine the technical requirements and secure the funds for preparing and erecting notice boards with basic details of the monument and the Decision to proclaim the property a National Monument.

 

III

 

To ensure the on-going protection of the National Monument on the site defined in Clause 1 para. 3 of this Decision, the following protection measures are hereby stipulated:

-          all works are prohibited other than investigative and conservation-restoration works, routine maintenance works, and works designed to display the monument, with the approval of the federal ministry responsible for regional planning (hereinafter: the relevant ministry) and under the expert supervision of the heritage protection authority of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the heritage protection authority);

-          the site of the monument shall be open and accessible to the public, and may be used for educational and cultural purposes;

-          works on the infrastructure are permitted subject the approval of the relevant ministry and subject to the expert opinion of the heritage protection authority;

-          the necropolis may be refurbished and damage made good only subject to first drawing up a repair, restoration and conservation plan, with the approval of the relevant ministry and under the supervision of the heritage protection authority;

-          lichen and moss may not be removed from the stećak tombstones;

-          by way of exception to the preceding paragraph, lichen and moss may be removed from the stećaks where necessary in order to study their epigraphic or decorative elements, subject to a preliminary study and with the approval of the relevant ministry. The study shall be based on biological, chemical, physical and other analyses found by a conservator to be necessary, and shall include appropriate conservation measures and an assessment of the impact of cleaning methods on the stone;

-          the zone is a potential archaeological site, and in consequence investigative works must be conducted in the presence of an archaeologist;

-          the dumping of waste is prohibited.

 

The Government of the Federation shall be responsible in particular for ensuring that the following measures are implemented:

-          a geodetic survey of the current condition of the site;

-          drawing up a plan for the repair, restoration, conservation and presentation of the National Monument.

 

The plan for the repair, restoration, conservation and presentation of the National monument shall cover:

-          archaeological investigations of the site of the National Monument;

-          refurbishment of the necropolis and the removal of self-sown vegetation;

-          routine maintenance of the National Monument.

 

IV

 

All movable artefacts found during the course of the archaeological survey shall be deposited in the nearest museum able to provide the necessary personnel, material and technical conditions or in the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Sarajevo, processed, and suitably presented.      

All movable and immovable archaeological material found during the course of the archaeological investigations shall be professionally processed.

Upon completion of the archaeological works the archaeologist leading the investigations shall submit a report to the Commission and to the institution that conducted the investigations.

The archaeologist leading the investigations must have access to all the movable and immovable archaeological material found during the course of the investigations and until his/her report is completed, for a period not exceeding three years.

All immovable finds shall be conserved in situ as the archaeological investigations proceed, and the movable archaeological material shall be conserved and placed for safe keeping in a suitable storage facility.

Upon receipt of a report on the investigations conducted, the Commission shall identify which movable artefacts shall be subject to protection measures to be determined by the Commission.

The removal of the movable artefacts referred to in para. 1 above from Bosnia and Herzegovina is prohibited.

By way of exception to the provisions of paragraph 7 of this Clause, if the leader of the investigations determines that a given artefact must be processed abroad, and provides evidence to that effect to the Commission, the Commission may permit the temporary removal of the artefact from the country subject to detailed conditions for its export, treatment while out of the country and return to Bosnia and Herzegovina.

 

V

 

All executive and area development planning acts are hereby revoked to the extent that they are not in accordance with the provisions of this Decision.

 

VI

 

Everyone, and in particular the competent authorities of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Canton, and urban and municipal authorities, shall refrain from any action that might damage the National Monument or jeopardize the preservation thereof.

 

VII

 

The Government of the Federation, the Federal Ministry responsible for regional planning, the Federation heritage protection authority, and the Municipal Authorities in charge of urban planning and land registry affairs, shall be notified of this Decision in order to carry out the measures stipulated in Articles II to VI of this Decision, and the Authorized Municipal Court shall be notified for the purposes of registration in the Land Register.

 

VIII

 

The elucidation and accompanying documentation form an integral part of this Decision, which may be viewed by interested parties on the premises or by accessing the website of the Commission (http://www.kons.gov.ba).

 

IX

 

Pursuant to Art. V para 4 Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, decisions of the Commission are final.

 

X

 

This Decision shall enter into force on the day following its publication in the Official Gazette of BiH.

 

This Decision has been adopted by the following members of the Commission: Zeynep Ahunbay, Martin Cherry, Amra Hadžimuhamedović, Dubravko Lovrenović and Ljiljana Ševo.

 

No.: 05.2-2.3-71/12-3

26 March 2012

Sarajevo

 

Chair of the Commission

Amra Hadžimuhamedović

 

E l u c i d a t i o n

 

I – INTRODUCTION

Pursuant to Article 2, paragraph 1 of the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, established pursuant to Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a “National Monument” is an item of public property proclaimed by the Commission to Preserve National Monuments to be a National Monument pursuant to Articles V and VI of Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina  and property entered on the Provisional List of National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of  BiH no. 33/02) until the Commission reaches a final decision on its status, as to which there is no time limit and regardless of whether a petition for the property in question has been submitted or not.

On 15 December 2010 the Commission to Preserve National Monuments received a petition/proposal from the Department of Administrative and Social Affairs and Inspection of Konjic Municipality to designate the necropolis of stećak tombstones in Dubočani as a National Monument.

Pursuant to the provisions of the law, the Commission proceeded to carry out the procedure for reaching a final decision to designate the Property as a National Monument, pursuant to Article V para. 4 of Annex 8 and Article 35 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments.

 

Statement of significance

Stećak tombstones form part of an unbroken sepulchral continuity in Bosnia that reaches far back into prehistoric times, and are clearly associated with the older sites of prehistoric settlements and places of worship, agglomerations and burial grounds dating from antiquity, late antique and early mediaeval churches and fortified towns. Their origins and evolution may be traced from the mid 12th to the early 16th century.

The tombstones at Ravnice, which are of local stone, are all recumbent monoliths – slabs, chests and gabled or sarcophagus-like – lying southwest-northeast. Some of the tombstones on the outer edges of the necropolis suggest a transitional form from the simple chest-shaped stećak to the more complex gabled type.

 

II – PRELIMINARY PROCEDURE

In the procedure preceding the adoption of a final decision to proclaim the property a national monument, the following documentation was inspected:

-          details of the current condition and use of the property, including a description, architectural survey and photographs,

-          an inspection of the current condition of the property,

-          a copy of the cadastral plan,

-          a copy of the Land Register entry,

-          historical, architectural and other documentary material on the property, as set out in the bibliography forming part of this Decision.

 

Pursuant to Article V para. 2 of Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Article 37 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission, before rendering a final decision designating a property as a national monument, the Commission is required to provide the owner of the proposed monument, the person submitting the petition, the institutions responsible for heritage, professional and academic institutions, experts and scholars, as well as other interested parties, to express their views. 

On 15 December 2010 the Commission received a petition with enclosures (1. Letter from Konjic Municipality; 2. Textual data on the stećaks in Dubočani; 3. Copy of cadastral plan no. 12, scale 1:2500; 4. Land Register entry).

Accordingly, the Commission sent a letter ref. 05.2-35.2-8/11-121 dated 20 September 2011 requesting documentation and views on the designation as a national monument of the mediaeval necropolis with stećak tombstones in Dubočani, Konjic Municipality, to Konjic Municipality (Mayor), department of urbanism and cadastral affairs, the Federal Ministry of Regional Planning and the Institute for the Protection of Monuments under the Federal Ministry of Culture and Sport.

In response, the Commission has received the following documentation:

-          correspondence ref. 03-23-2-1354 ...1356/11; 03-23-2-1367 .... 1373/11 dated 27 September 2011 from the Federal Ministry of Regional Planning notifying the Commission to Preserve National Monuments that it has no information or documentation pertaining to the property in question;

-          letter from the Institute for the Protection of Monuments under the Federal Ministry of Culture and sport ref. 07-40-4-4073-1/11 dated 12 October 2011 supplying the available information on previous records and protection of the mediaeval necropolis of stećaks in Dubočani, Konjic;

-          the owners of the plots had not supplied their views in writing as of the date of adoption of this Decision, but they were present on 22 October 2011 during the recording and photographing of the stećaks, and expressed their approval and support for the proposal to designate the necropolis with stećaks in Dubočani as a national monument.

 

The findings based on the review of the above documentation and the condition of the site are as follows:

 

1. Details of the property

Location

The village of Dubočani lies in a valley surrounded by uplands: to the north, Vranske stijene (1292m), to the south Čepa (1008m), to the west Krnjača (1000m) and to the east the River Rakitnica gorge with Vrsa hill (1542m) rising above it, beyond which is the Grušačko polje (1400m). The village, which is at an altitude of 620 m, is 11.61 km as the crow flies south-east of the centre of Konjic(1). The necropolis with 49 stećaks in the village is at Ravnice, at an altitude of 624m, 43º 35' 8.85"N and 18º 04' 20.43"E, EPE: 1, 8 m SBAS(2).

The National Monument is located on a site designated as cadastral plot no. 1425, Land Register entry no. 280, cadastral municipality Spiljani, Municipality Konjic, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Historical background

In the early mediaeval period, what is now Konjic Municipality consisted of only one political territory, a typical župa (county), the Neretva county. To the west, the limits of Neretva county consisted of the Neretva gorge from Prenj to the mouth of the Rama, Mt Bokševica and the gorge of the little river Banja Lučica. To the west of this boundary was Rama county. On Mt Zec, Neretva county marched with the territory of the mediaeval county of Uskoplje. From Zec, via Pogorelica and Bitovnja, to Mt Ivan, Neretva county marched with the former county of Lepenica; on the slopes of Mt Bjelašnica, Neretva county bordered the county of Vrhbosna. To the east, the boundary between Kom and Neretva counties was formed by the Boračko lake and the river Šištica and Rakitnica gorges. To the south, the limits of Neretva county were formed by the highest peaks in the Prenj mountain chain: Otiš, Zelena glava, Kantar and Cetina.

The earliest reference to Neretva county is in the Chronicles of the Doclean priest(3), where it is said to have been part of the Podgorje district which, along with Hum land, Trebinje and Zeta, formed a tetrarchy of four districts each of which was a semi-independent country or state. The Podgorje district included not only Neretva county but also the counties Onogošt, Morača, Komarnica, Piva, Gacko, Nevesinje, Viševa, Kom and Rama.

In the 15th century Neretva county was divided into two, part in Bosnia and part in Herzegovina, with the River Neretva forming the boundary between them, from the boundary of the Kom župa to that of the Rama župa. From 1404 to 1463, the Bosnian part of the Neretva župa belonged to the Crown lands and the Hum Neretva and Kom belonged to the feudal lands of the Kosača(4).  

In the summer of 1463 an auxiliary Ottoman army commanded by Mahmut pasha Anđelović conquered both the Neretva districts and Kom. The area known as Hum Neretva, apart from the Borovac fort, and the western part of the Bosnian Neretva, were liberated in a counter-action between July and September that same year by Herceg (Duke) Stjepan. The region was finally conquered in mid 1465 in a campaign by the Bosnian sanjakbey Isa-bey Ishaković in the Herceg's lands(5).

 

2. Description of the property

According to Š. Bešlagić’s statistics, Konjic municipality – with 3,018 recorded stećaks – is one of those with the greatest number of stećaks in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In terms of shape, chest-shaped stećaks are the most numerous, with gabled and slab-shaped tombstones represented in almost equal numbers. The way in which the stećaks are grouped makes it possible to trace and to document on the ground important historical features, processes and relations. The siting of large necropolises is a reliable indication of the centres of former religious and political communities. That of medium-sized necropolises enables one to follow the process of development of clan-based villages, while smaller groups reflect increasing feudalization and social differentiation, when individual clans no longer bury their dead alongside their neighbours, but form their own family necropolises(6). 

On this basis, the necropolis with stećaks at Ravnice in Dubočani would have belonged to a small community occupying the area. Some of the tombstones on the outer edges of the necropolis suggest a transitional form from the simple chest-shaped stećak to the more complex gabled type.

The necropolis with 49 stećaks (four slabs, 44 chests and one gabled) is located on a plot designated as c.p. 1425, c.m. Spiljani, at Ravnice, at an altitude of 624m, 43º 35' 8.85"N and 18º 04' 20.43"E, EPE: 1, 8 m SBAS. The tombstones lie in rows running northwest to southeast; the tombstones themselves lie southwest-northeast.  Most are covered with moss and lichen and with topsoil. No decorations or epitaphs have been found on the tombstones.

Condition of the tombstones

Stećak no. 1. – gabled with plinth, standing apart from the other tombstones about 20 m to the north, covered with moss and lichen, with an apple-tree to the northwest side the roots of which are posing a threat to the stećak, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 164x64x80 cm; the plinth measures 170x95x22 cm.

Stećak no. 2. – slab, sunken, standing apart from the other tombstones about 8 m to the north, covered with topsoil and overgrown with grass, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 150x55x12 cm.

Stećak no. 3. – chest, partly sunken, overlaid with stone, covered with moss, lichen and low-growing plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 160x40x35 cm.

Stećak no. 4. – chest, partly sunken, overlaid with topsoil and dry leaves, covered with moss, lichen and low-growing plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 166x90x24 cm.

Stećak no. 5. – chest, partly sunken, covered with moss, lichen and low-growing plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 200x120x56 cm.

Stećak no. 6. – slab, partly sunken into the ground, north-west side overlaid with soil, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 187x63x22 cm.

Stećak no. 7. – slab, partly sunken into the ground, overlaid with topsoil, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 170x100x18 cm.

Stećak no. 8. – slab, partly sunken into the ground, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 176x55x13 cm.

Stećak no. 9. – chest, partly sunken into the ground, north-west side overlaid with soil, covered with moss, lichen and low-growing plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 220x110x37 cm.

Stećak no. 10. – chest, partly sunken, covered with moss, lichen and low-growing plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 150x110x37 cm.

Stećak no. 11. – chest, partly sunken, covered with moss, lichen and low-growing plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 166x90x58 cm.

Stećak no. 12. – chest, sunken, covered with topsoil and short grass, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 164 cm long x 10 cm high.

Stećak no. 13. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 165x90x20 cm.

Stećak no. 14. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 130x48x10 cm.

Stećak no. 15. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 98x56x12 cm.

Stećak no. 16. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 107x60x24 cm.

Stećak no. 17. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 190x78x17 cm.

Stećak no. 18. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 160x70x10 cm.

Stećak no. 19. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 160x78x28 cm.

Stećak no. 20. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures length 164x70x24cm.

Stećak no. 21. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 140x60x5 cm.

Stećak no. 22. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss, lichen and plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 180x78x25 cm.

Stećak no. 23. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss, lichen and plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 158x60x16 cm.

Stećak no. 24. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss, lichen and plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 176x80x35 cm.

Stećak no. 25. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss, lichen and plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 140x68x25 cm.

Stećak no. 26. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss, lichen and plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 170x60x22 cm.

Stećak no. 27. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss, lichen and plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 145x50x45 cm.

Stećak no. 28. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 154x66x20 cm.

Stećak no. 29. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 177x85x22 cm.

Stećak no. 30. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 164 cm long x 10 cm high.

Stećak no. 31. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 140x43x16 cm.

Stećak no. 32. – chest, sunken, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 156x67x16 cm.

Stećak no. 33. – chest, sunken, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 185x75x36 cm.

Stećak no. 34. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 98x48x20 cm.

Stećak no. 35. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 166x86x20 cm.

Stećak no. 36. – chest, sunken, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 80x30x8 cm.

Stećak no. 37. – chest, sunken, tilted to the northwest, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 178x65x54 cm.

Stećak no. 38. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss and lichen, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 80 cm visible length x 30 cm visible width x 12cm.

Stećak no. 39. – chest, sunken, covered with moss, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 164x60x10 cm.

Stećak no. 40. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 185x78x7 cm.

Stećak no. 41. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss, lichen and plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 156x70x12 cm.

Stećak no. 42. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss, lichen and plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 160x70x25 cm.

Stećak no. 43. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss, lichen and plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 130x88x27 cm.

Stećak no. 44. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss, lichen and plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 177x86x12 cm.

Stećak no. 45. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 178x102x26 cm.

Stećak no. 46. – chest, sunken, covered with moss, overgrown with plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 155x77x26 cm.

Stećak no. 47. – chest, sunken, partly overlaid with topsoil and grass, covered with moss, lichen and plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 162x60x6 cm.

Stećak no. 48. – chest, partly sunken, overlaid with stone, covered with moss, lichen and low-growing plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 135x58x45 cm.

Stećak no. 49. – chest, partly sunken, overlaid with stone, covered with moss, lichen and low-growing plants, lying southwest-northeast; the stećak measures 170x76x26 cm.

 

3. Legal status to date

The Regional Plan for BiH to 2000 lists 69 sites of necropolises with stećci (3,018 tombstones) in Konjic Municipality, without precise identification, treating them as Category III monuments(7). 

A letter from the Institute for the Protection of Monuments under the Federal Ministry of Culture and Sport dated 12 October 2011 states that the mediaeval necropolis of stećaks in Dubočani, Konjic, was not listed or entered in the Register of Cultural Monuments of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

 

4. Research and conservation and restoration 

Research works, in the form of recording and gathering information on stećaks in Konjic Municipality, were carried out by Pavao Anđelić(8), Šefik Bešlagić(9), but this site does not feature in their findings.

No conservation or restoration works have been carried out.

 

5. Current condition of the property

The findings of an on-site inspection conducted on 22 October 2011 are as follows:

-          as plant growth resumes in spring the site of the necropolis becomes overgrown with grass, low-growing plants and tall trees;

-          the stećaks are at risk of rapid deterioration due to neglect;

-          some of the stećaks are partly or almost wholly sunken into the ground and are covered to a greater or lesser extent by plant organisms (lichen and moss).

 

6. Specific risks

-          disintegration of the necropolis as a result of long-term neglect,

-          adverse weather conditions,

-          self-sown vegetation.

 

III – CONCLUSION

Applying the Criteria for the adoption of a decision on proclaiming an item of property a national monument (Official Gazette of BiH nos. 33/02 and 15/03), the Commission has enacted the Decision cited above.

The Decision was based on the following criteria:

A.         Time frame

B.         Historical value

C.         Artistic and aesthetic value

C.i.       quality of workmanship

C.ii.      quality of materials

C.iii.      proportions

D.         Clarity

D.i.       material evidence of a lesser known historical era

E.         Symbolic value

E.ii.      religious value

E.iii.      traditional value

E.v.       significance for the identity of a group of people

G.         Authenticity

G.i.       form and design

G.ii.      material and content

G.iii.     use and function

G.iv.      traditions and techniques

G.v.      location and setting

 

The following documents form an integral part of this Decision:

-          Ownership documentation

-         copy of cadastral plan no. 12; scale 1:2500 for c.p.. 1425 c.m. Spiljani, Konjic Municipality, supplied on 29 September 2010

-         Land Register entry no. 280, c.m. Spiljani, Konjic, NAR and RZ no: 4480/10, supplied on 5 October 2010

-          Documentation on previous protection of the property

-         correspondence ref. 03-23-2-1354 ...1356/11; 03-23-2-1367 .... 1373/11 dated 27 September 2011 from the Federal Ministry of Regional Planning notifying the Commission to Preserve National Monuments that it has no information or documentation pertaining to the property in question

-         letter from the Institute for the Protection of Monuments under the Federal Ministry of Culture and sport ref. 07-40-4-4073-1/11 dated 12 October 2011 supplying the available information on previous records and protection of the mediaeval necropolis of stećaks in Dubočani, Konjic

-          Photodocumentation

-         photographs of the property taken on 22 October 2011 by historian Zijad Halilović using Canon EOS 450D digital camera

-          Technical documentation

-         survey of the property (survey of the tombstones) measured and surveyed on 22 October 2011 by historian Zijad Halilović and architect Amra Šarančić Logo, plan of the necropolis by architect Amra Sarić.

 

Bibliography

During the procedure to designate the monument as a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina the following works were consulted: 

 

1971.    Bešlagić, Šefik. Stećci, kataloško-topografski pregled (Stećak tombstones, a catalogue and topographical survey). Sarajevo: Veselin Masleša, 1971.

 

1975.    Anđelić, Pavao. Historijski spomenici Konjica i okoline (Historic Monuments of Konjic and its Environs), I. Konjic: Konjic Council, 1975.

 

1980.    Various authors. Prostorni plan Bosne i Hercegovine, faza b – valorizacija, prirodne i kulturno-historijske vrijednosti (Regional Plan for Bosnia and Herzegovina, phase B – valorization of natural and cultural assets). Sarajevo: Institute for Architecture, Urbanism and Spatial Planning of the Faculty of Architecture in Sarajevo and the Planning Authority for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, 1980, 51

 

1982.    Anđelić, Pavao. “Teritorijalnopolitička organizacija župe Neretve i njezino mjesto u širim političkim okvirima” (Territorial and political organization of the Neretva County and its place in the broader political context), In: Studije o teritorijalnopolitičkoj organizaciji srednjovjekovne Bosne (Studies on the territorial and political organization of mediaeval Bosnia). Sarajevo: Svjetlost, 1982, 108-110

 

http://www.historiografija.hr/prikazi.php?id=235953 (17 October 2011)


(1) From Google Earth.com, accessed 25 January 2012

(2) Coordinates taken on 22 September 2011 using GPS Magellan Professional.

(3) On 3 March 2011 the History Department of the Faculty of the Humanities, University of Zagreb, held an international seminar, “The Chronicles of the Doclean Priest and the challenges of recent historiography,” at which Tibor Živković gave a paper entitled “Odnos hrvatske i latinske redakcije Gesta regnum Sclavorum,” analyzing both redactions of the Chronicles – the “Croatian redaction,” originally composed in Latin, and the “Latin redaction,” and their interrelationship. A narrative-based analysis of the two redactions revealed that both were composed by the same person, suggesting that the Croatian redaction was the original and the Latin redaction the final version of the Chronicles. The paper has not yet been published.  From http://www.historiografija.hr/prikazi.php?id=235953, accessed 17 October 2011.

(4) Translator's note: in the original the information contained in this paragraph is repeated three times in different forms; this translation includes all the information without the repetitions.

(5) Anđelić, “Teritorijalno-politička organizacija župe Neretve i njezino mjesto u širim političkim okvirima,” 110-156.

(6) Anđelić, Pavao, Historijski spomenici Konjica i okoline I, Konjic: Skupština opštine Konjic, 1975, 223.-224.

(7) Various authors, Prostorni plan Bosne i Hercegovine, faza b – valorizacija, prirodne i kulturno-historijske vrijednosti, Sarajevo: Institut za arhitekturu, urbanizam i prostorno planiranje Arhitektonskog fakultet u Sarajevu i Urbanistički zavod za Bosnu i Hercegovinu Sarajevo, 1980, 52.

(8) Anđelić, Historijski spomenici, 3-327.

(9) Bešlagić, Šefik, Stećci, kataloško-topografski pregled, Sarajevo: Veselin Masleša, 1971.



View at the site from the northCentral part of the necropolisStećak tombstone no. 1Stećak tombstone no. 6
Stećak tombstone no. 9Stećak tombstones no. 11, 10 and 9Stećak tombstone no. 18Stećak tombstones no. 28 and 29
Stećak tombstone no. 37Stećak tombstone no. 49  


BiH jezici 
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