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Lipanjska (Hajji Džaferova, Lipa) Mosque with harem, the architectural ensemble

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Status of monument -> National monument

Pursuant to Article V para. 4 Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Article 39 para. 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, at a session held from 21 to 24 November 2011 the Commission adopted a

 

D E C I S I O N

 

I

 

The architectural ensemble of the Lipanjska (Hajji Džaferova, Lipa) Mosque with harem in Gračanica is hereby designated as a National Monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the National Monument).

The architectural ensemble consists of the mosque and harem.

The National Monument is located on a site designated as cadastral plot no. 4233 (new survey), title deed no. 548, corresponding to c.p. nos. 31/1/19 and 31/20 (old survey), Land Register entry no. 1076, cadastral municipality Gračanica, Municipality Gračanica, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The provisions relating to protection measures set forth by the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, established pursuant to Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of t the Federation of BiH nos. 2/02, 27/02, 6/04 and 51/07) shall apply to the National Monument.

 

II

 

The Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the Government of the Federation) shall be responsible for providing the legal, scientific, technical, administrative and financial measures necessary for the protection, conservation, restoration and presentation of the National Monument.

The Commission to Preserve National Monuments (hereinafter: the Commission) shall determine the technical requirements and secure the funds for preparing and setting up signboards with basic details of the monument and the Decision to proclaim the property a National Monument.

 

III

 

To ensure the on-going protection of the National Monument on the area defined in Clause 1 para. 3 of this Decision, the following protection measures are hereby stipulated:

-          all works are prohibited other than research and conservation-restoration works, routine maintenance works, works designed to ensure the sustainable use of the monument, and works designed for the presentation of the monument, with the approval of the federal ministry responsible for regional planning and under the expert supervision of the heritage protection authority of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina;

-          works that could endanger the National Monument are prohibited, as is the erection of temporary facilities or permanent structures not designed solely for the protection and presentation of the National Monument.

 

The following measures shall be taken with a view to the emergency protection of the mosque:

-          investigative works to determine the condition of the bearing construction;

-          the structural repair and consolidation of damaged walls.

 

Conservation-restoration works must be carried out in line with the following conditions:

-          the entrance portico may be reconstructed on the basis of preliminary investigative works and details of its original appearance;

-          the damaged parts of the roof and ceiling construction and floors shall be replaced if their condition is such that they cannot be reintegrated;

-          the same or similar materials to those used to build the mosque shall be used, as shall the same building techniques and treatment of the materials;

-          the restoration of all parts for which there is no reliable documentation shall be resolved as part of the project in such a way that their interpolation is clearly legible;

 

The following measures shall apply for the protection of the harem of the mosque:

-          the original use of the protected site may not be altered;

-          the nišan tombstones shall be documented and a geodetic survey shall be conducted;

-          the epigraphic material of the harem shall be documented and extant graves shall be identified;

-          damaged nišan tombstones shall be conserved and presented;

-          the harem shall be landscaped and damaged nišans shall be repaired;

-          the nišans may not be removed from their positions.

 

IV

 

All executive and area development planning acts are hereby revoked to the extent that they are not in accordance with the provisions of this Decision.

 

V

 

Everyone, and in particular the competent authorities of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Canton, and urban and municipal authorities, shall refrain from any action that might damage the National Monument or jeopardize the preservation thereof.

 

VI

 

The Government of the Federation, the Federal Ministry responsible for regional planning, the Federation heritage protection authority, and the Municipal Authorities in charge of urban planning and land registry affairs, shall be notified of this Decision in order to carry out the measures stipulated in Articles II to V of this Decision, and the Authorized Municipal Court shall be notified for the purposes of registration in the Land Register.

 

VII

 

The elucidation and accompanying documentation form an integral part of this Decision, which may be viewed by interested parties on the premises or by accessing the website of the Commission (http://www.kons.gov.ba) 

 

VIII.

 

Pursuant to Art. V para 4 Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, decisions of the Commission are final.

 

IX

 

This Decision shall enter into force on the day following its publication in the Official Gazette of BiH.

 

This Decision has been adopted by the following members of the Commission: Zeynep Ahunbay, Martin Cherry, Amra Hadžimuhamedović, Dubravko Lovrenović, and Ljiljana Ševo.

 

No 06.3-2.3-77/11-40

22 November 2011

Sarajevo

 

Chair of the Commission

Dubravko Lovrenović

 

E l u c i d a t i o n

 

I – INTRODUCTION

Pursuant to Article 2, paragraph 1 of the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, established pursuant to Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a “National Monument” is an item of public property proclaimed by the Commission to Preserve National Monuments to be a National Monument pursuant to Articles V and VI of Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina  and property entered on the Provisional List of National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of  BiH no. 33/02) until the Commission reaches a final decision on its status, as to which there is no time limit and regardless of whether a petition for the property in question has been submitted or not.

On 10 February 2003 the Centre for Islamic Architecture of Sarajevo submitted a petition/proposal to the Commission to Preserve National Monuments to designate the Lipanjska (Hajji Džaferova, Lipa) Mosque in Gračanica, Gračanica Municipality, as a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Pursuant to the provisions of the law, the Commission proceeded to carry out the procedure for reaching a final decision to designate the Property as a National Monument, pursuant to Article V para. 4 of Annex 8 and Article 35 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments.

 

Statement of significance

Though in poor condition, the Lipanjska (Hajji Džaferova, Lipa) Mosque is a rare example of a half-timbered mosque with brick infill and wooden minaret with an open gallery.

Tradition has it that this mosque was built by one Hajji Džafer, who planted a lime tree beside it where people would shelter in its shade as they waited for prayer time. It later became a regular meeting place known as “pod Lipom” (under the lime tree). This practice continued until the lime tree succumbed to drought. Lime trees are to be found beside almost every mosque, and are of considerable symbolic importance in religion. The mahala that developed around the mosque was probably named after the lime tree.

Most of the nišan tombstones in the harem of the mosque are of recent date, but there are about fifteen older ones, some of them dating back to the time when the mosque was built.  Nine of the fourteen have epitaphs, one of them reading Husejn, imam. 1151 (1738-39).

The original mosque had become badly dilapidated and was demolished in 1934-35; the present-day mosque with a wooden minaret was built on the site.

 

II – PRELIMINARY PROCEDURE

In the procedure preceding the adoption of a final decision to proclaim the property a national monument, the following documentation was inspected:

-          Details of the current condition and use of the property, including a description and photographs;

-          An inspection of the current condition of the property;

-          A copy of the cadastral plans;

-          A copy of the Land Register entries;

-          Historical, architectural and other documentary material on the property, as set out in the bibliography forming part of this Decision.

 

Pursuant to Article V para. 2 of Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Article 37 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission, before rendering a final decision designating a property as a national monument, the Commission will provide the owner of the proposed monument, the person submitting the petition, the institutions responsible for heritage, professional and academic institutions, experts and scholars, as well as other interested parties, to express their views. Accordingly, the Commission sent a letter ref. 06.3-35.2-10/10-138 dated 9 August 2010 requesting documentation and views on the designation of the Lipanjska (Hajji Džaferova, Lipa) Mosque in Gračanica as a national monument to the Board of the Islamic Community in Gračanica, Gračanica Municipality (Mayor, department responsible for urbanism and cadastre, Land Registry office of the Municipal Court), the Institute for the Protection of Monuments under the Federal Ministry of Culture and Sport and the Archives of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

In response, the Commission has received the following documentation:

-          Letter ref. 07-40-4-3194-1/10 dated 13 August 2010 from the Institute for the Protection of Monuments under the Federal Ministry of Culture and Sport notifying the Commission that the Lipa Mosque in Gračanica was neither listed nor protected by the Institute for the Protection of the Cultural and Natural Heritage of BiH;

-          Letter ref. 06-23-05618-2010 dated 23 August.2010 from the Department of Spatial Planning, Geodetics and Proprietary Rights of Gračanica Municipality supplying documentation (the exact location of the property, details of the current owner, photographs of the property taken on 12 August 2010) for the designation of the property as a national monument;

-          Letter ref. 027-0-Nar&Rz-10-004370 dated 26 August 2010 from the Land Registry office of the Municipal Court in Gračanica supplying documentation (Land Register entry no. 1076, c.m. Gračanica) for the designation of the property as a national monument;

-          In its letters ref.: 03-35-247/03-2 dated 15 November 2007 and 03-35-247/03-3 of 4 December 2008 the Commission notified Gračanica Municipality and the Board of the Islamic Community in Gračanica of the protection measures in place until the adoption of a final decision by the Commission;

-          In its letter ref. 02-04-1-260/11 dated 5 October 2011 the Executive Committee of the Board of the Islamic Community in Gračanica enquired about the status of the property(1). In response, the Commission sent a letter ref. 06.3-35.3-38/11-35 dated 28 October 2011 notifying the Board of the Islamic Community of the status of the property.

 

The findings based on the review of the above documentation and the condition of the property are as follows:

 

1. Details of the property

Location

The Lipanjska (Hajji Džaferova, Lipa) Mosque is in Gračanica(2), in Lipa mahala, also known as the Hajji Džaferova mahala.

The National Monument is located on a site designated as cadastral plot no. 4233 (new survey), cadastral municipality Gračanica, corresponding to c.p. no. 1/1/19, 31/20 (old survey), c.m.  Gračanica, Land Register entry no. 1076, title deed no. 548, c.m. Gračanica, Municipality Gračanica, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Historical background

The Ottomans conquered the area in 1512. The earliest reference to Gračanica by that name, as a settlement and a kadiluk, is in 1633, but the Ahmed-pasha Budimlija Mosque, known as the Čaršija Mosque, built between 1593 and 1595(3), is evidence that the settlement was already in existence in the late 16th century.

In 1572 Gračanica became the centre of a large kadiluk (area under the jurisdiction of a cadi, an Islamic judge-administrator). In the mid 18th century it had eight mahalas, four with masjids and four with Friday mosques(4).

In the 19th century Gračanica expanded to the south along the River Sokoluša(5), and new mahalas(6) came into being, including the Hajji Džaferova mahala with its mosque. It is not known whether there had previously been a masjid dating from the time of the Časna Mosque(7), i.e. the early 17th century, on the site of the Lipanjska Mosque, or whether it was the Dervish-hojja Mosque. The Dervish-hojja Mosque is known to have been in existence in the mid 18th century, but not which mahala it was in(8).

In the latter half of the 19th century Mula Mustafa Muderizović endowed part of his property as a vakuf, in the form of land, the income from which paid for street lighting, with part earmarked for the salary of the imam of one of Gračanica’s mosques. It seems likely that it was the Hajji Džaferova or Lipanjska Mosque, which Mula Mustafa probably also restored. It is a fact that in the early 20th century, the vakufs of the Hajji Džaferova Mosque, Mula Mustafa Muderizović and the Lipa fountain, built by an unknown benefactor, were merged into a single vakuf, to which there is reference in 1913, and that the Muderizović family were still living in Lipa mahala in 1895(9).

The mosque does not have its vakufnama(10). 

The mosque was built close to the crossroads in Lipa mahala. Of half-timbered construction with an infill of unfired brick, it measured 5 x 4 or 6 x 4 m, with a low wooden slatted ceiling and small wooden minaret. It was used for Friday and ‘Eid prayers(11). Tradition has it that this mosque was built by one Hajji Džafer, who planted a lime tree beside it where people would shelter in its shade as they waited for prayer time. It later became a regular meeting place known as “pod Lipom” (under the lime tree). It was the custom to “offer” the qurban (sacrificial animal) under the lime, a practice that continued until the lime tree succumbed to drought. Lime trees are to be found beside almost every mosque, and are of considerable symbolic importance in religion. The mahala that developed around the mosque was probably named after the lime tree.

The roof was originally clad with shingles, later replaced by tiles.

The mosque had become dilapidated, and was demolished in 1934-1935. A new mosque with a wooden minaret, also of half-timbered construction with a brick infill(12), was built on the site.

The wooden minaret with open gallery is shaped like a stone minaret. This type of minaret was probably first built in the 19th century(13).

There was a fountain by the old mosque, fed from the Drijenča through wooden pipes which supplied the mosque and the mahala, remaining in use until 1937 when the wooden pipes were replaced by iron ones(14).

The mosque was restored in 1996(15), when a lean-to was added to the enclosed entrance portico, and a partition wall was built within the portico, blocking the way to the steps leading to the mahfil. Inside the mosque, the calligraphic inscriptions were written wrongly.

 

2. Description of the property

In layout, the Lipanjska (Hajji Džaferova, Lipa) Mosque in Gračanica belongs to the type of single space mosque with wooden minaret and entrance portico. It is rectangular in plan, measuring 6.60 x 8.58 m.

The entrance to the mosque is from the north-west, through an entrance portico of 6.60 x 2.68 m. A partition wall about 10 cm wide has been built in the portico to the left of the entrance to the prayer hall, cutting off the steps to the mahfil, so that there is not enough space for access. The partitioned area measures approx. 2.30 x 2.53 m.

At the other (right-hand) end measuring approx. 2.25 x 2.51 a wooden railing 1.55 m long and 1.20 m high has been added, at the end of which is a wooden 10 x 10 cm post about 2.48 m high (the overall daylight height of the portico).

The central passage(16) between the sofas measures approx. 1.56 x 2.52 m. The sofas are about 30 cm higher than the passage. The entrance portal measures approx. 1.41x 2.26, with two concrete steps about 40 cm high leading to it. The wooden double-valved doors of approx. 1.40 x 2.00 m are in the middle of the north-west wall, and are about 15 cm above the level of the passageway, the height of the step outside the door.

The entrance is flanked on each side by a window of approx. 1.07 x 2.10 m.

The central prayer hall measures approx. 6.30 x 6.00, with a height from floor to ceiling of approx. 4.87 m. The mihrab on the south-east wall has a niche approx. 89 cm wide, 272 cm high and 45 cm deep. It is of simple design, and decorated only with a rectangular frame of approx. 163 x 272 cm, which stands about 30 cm proud of the wall plane. The frame is surmounted by a wooden decoration painted light blue.

To the right of the mihrab is the wooden mimber, a simple structure with mouldings on the sides and below the cone. It measures approx 80 cm wide, 265 cm high to the cone and 250 cm wide, and has ten steps. Four posts above the podium carry the cone with alem (finial). The side are enclosed by boards. The mimber is painted light blue.

The front mahfil was about 1.50 m wide and 4.40 m long, and was probably reached, before the portico was closed off(17), either via the minaret or by stairs inside the mosque. By closing off the portico, the overall depth of the mahfil was increased, and new steps were installed. The mahfil has a post of 18 x 15 cm and a railing 80 cm high. It is enclosed by glass along its full length. The railing and glazing are painted light blue.

Where the mahfil formerly ended are two posts approx. 16.5 x 15 and 18 x 15 cm respectively and a 15 x 15 strut with a height of 100 cm.

All the façades have rectangular lower windows, except for the extension to the portico on the north-west façade, where the windows are at a higher level. The south-west façade has two windows of 103 x 210 cm with a parapet height of 65 cm and 102 x 210 cm with a parapet height of 65 cm, and one on the extension to the enclosed portico, measuring 102 x 210 cm. The south-east façade has two windows of 103 x 210 cm with a parapet height of 65 cm and 104 x 210 cm with a parapet height of 65 cm. The north-east façade also has two windows, of 103 x 210 cm with a parapet height of 65 cm and 102 x 210 cm with a parapet height of 65 cm. All are wooden two-light windows with overlights.

The mosque has a hipped roof with a pitch of about 30 o. The roof flashings and guttering are of galvanized iron. The roof has a timber frame and is clad with tiles.

The octagonal minaret is wooden, with an open gallery and all the features of a stone minaret; it is clad with galvanized iron. It is approx. 15 m in overall height, and about 10 m to the gallery (šerefe) as measured from the floor of the prayer hall, and tapers slightly towards the top. The entrance to the minaret is in the enclosed portico. The octagonal form of the minaret cannot be seen in the prayer hall because the minaret staircase is faced with boards, which are painted light blue. The dimensions of the minaret in the central prayer hall are approx. 1.45 x 1.45 m.

The mosque is half timbered with an infill of brick. The walls are about 15 cm thick.

The walls are plastered and painted inside and out. Inside the mosque, a dado of washable emulsion paint was painted along all four walls at about 1.5 m above the floor.

The names on the walls inside the mosque are incorrectly written. On the mihrab: Allah Almighty and Muhammad, peace be upon him; on the south-east wall: ‘Umar and Hussein, may God be pleased with them; on the south-west wall: Abu Bakr and Ali, may God be pleased with them; and on the north-east wall; Hassan and ‘Uthman, may God be pleased with them.(18)  

Harem of the mosque

The harem by the mosque contains about fifteen old nišan tombstones, some of which date from the time the mosque was built, and a burial ground of recent date.

Nišan no. 1

Man’s nišan with pleated turban, measuring 16x13x63 cm with a damaged epitaph carved into the stone.

الحسين امان سنة 1151 ذو الحجة

...Husejn, imam. year 1151

(1738/39)

Nišan no. 2

Man’s nišan with pleated turban, measuring 13,5x13x47 cm with a damaged epitaph carved into the stone.

و فات ...... سنة 1167

Death ... year 1167

(1753/54)

Nišan no. 3

Broken, fallen man’s nišan with pleated turban, measuring 14x14x60 cm with an epitaph in Arabic.

هو الخلاق الباقي المرحوم المغفور له مصطفى بن محمد سنة 1277

He is the eternal Creator. Deceased Mustafa, son of Muhamed. Year 1277

(1860/61).

Nišan no. 4

Man’s nišan with smooth turban, measuring 14x13x30 cm, sunken.

Nišan no. 5

Man’s nišan with pleated turban, rectangular in section 13 x 11 cm with a height of 53 cm, with an epitaph in Arabic.

محمد بن داوود غريبك سنة 1311

Muhammad, son of Davud Grbić, year 1311

(1893/94)

Nišan no. 6

Man’s nišan with turban, measuring 17,5x13x103 cm, carved with an epitaph in Arabic.

المرحوم مهمد بن مهمد غريبك روحيجون الله الفاتحة سنة 1366-1947

Deceased Mehmed, son of Mehmed Grbić. [Recite] Fatiha for his soul and God’s pleasure. Year 1366-1947.

In both cases the name Mehmed is spelled wrongly.

Nišan no. 7

Nišan in the form of a stele measuring 26x11x78 cm, without epitaph, carved with geometric ornaments.

Nišan no. 8

Man’s nišan with square turban, measuring 15,5x14x60 cm, with epitaph.

مرحوم حاجي بغيج محارم بن عثمان 1904

Deceased Hadžibegić Muharem, son of Osman. Year 1904.

Nišan no. 9 

Man’s nišan with fez, measuring 18,5x11x82 cm.

مرحوم عثمان بن بايرو غريبج رحيجون الله الفاتحة سنة 1364

Deceased Osman, son of Bajro Grbić. [Recite] Fatiha for his soul and God’s pleasure. Year 1364

(1945).

Nišan no. 10

Handsome man’s nišan with pleated turban, measuring 12x14x70 cm bearing only the year.

سنة 1151

Year 1151

(1738/39)

Nišan no. 11

Man’s nišan with pleated turban, measuring 13x13x55 cm, without epitaph, the shape and position of which, by the mosque, would date it to the same period as no. 10.

Nišan no. 12

Man’s nišan with pleated turban, sunken into the ground.

Nišan no. 13

Man’s nišan with pleated turban, measuring 14x13,5x42 cm, carved with a sabre and the year 1273(1856/57)

Nišan no. 14

Man’s nišan with damaged turban, measuring 15,5x16x60 cm, carved with a sabre(19). 

 

3.  Legal status to date

According to letter ref. 07-40-4-3194-1/10nof 13 August 2010 from the Institute for the Protection of Monuments under the Federal Ministry of Culture and Sport, the property was neither listed nor protected by the Institute for the Protection of the Cultural and Natural Heritage of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

 

4. Research and conservation-restoration works

Nothing is known of any investigative or conservation-restoration works on the property.

It is not known who built the enclosed portico with sofas or when, or when the partition wall was added blocking access to the stairs to the mahfil.

The mosque was restored and renovated in 1996(20), when the following works were carried out:

-          a wooden lean-to was added to the enclosed portico, consisting of a wooden structure of four 14 x 14 cm posts with a three-paned roof;

-          the calligraphic inscriptions painted inside the mosque were written incorrectly.

 

5. Current condition of the property

The findings of an inspection on 16 December 2010

-          the property is in poor condition and earmarked for demolition. In its letters ref.: 03-35-247/03-2 dated 15 November 2007 and 03-35-247/03-3 of 4 December 2008 the Commission instructed the Board of the Islamic Community in Gračanica to refrain from taking any steps that could damage the property.  In an enclosure to letter ref.  02-04-1-260/11 dated 5.10.2011 the Board of the Islamic Community in Gračanica noted that “the mosque is in a very dilapidated state and is at risk of collapse causing harm to visitors.”  Enclosed with this was letter ref. 260/10 of 9 August 2010 (which is not in the subject and documents file as having been received) stating that “our concern is to build a new, larger and more serviceable mosque.”

-          damage is visible on many of the interior walls of the mosque

-          the façade of the mosque is in poor condition, with significant damage

-          the wooden minaret clad with sheet metal is in very poor condition

-          a lean-to has been built onto the closed portico.

 

III – CONCLUSION

Applying the Criteria for the adoption of a decision on proclaiming an item of property a national monument (Official Gazette of BiH nos. 33/02 and 15/03), the Commission has enacted the Decision cited above.

The Decision was based on the following criteria:

A.         Time frame

B.         Historical value

E.         Symbolic value

E.ii.      religious value

E.iv.      relation to rituals or ceremonies

E.v.       significance for the identity of a group of people

F.         Townscape/landscape value

F.i.       relation to other elements of the site

F.ii.       meaning in the townscape

F.iii.      the building or group of buildings is part of a group or site.

 

The following documents form an integral part of this Decision:

-          copy of cadastral plan

-          photodocumentation, photographs taken on 8 November 2010 by Medina Hadžihasanović Katana BSc.Arch. and Arijana Pašić BSc Arch.

-          drawings, architectural survey by Medina Hadžihasanović Katana BSc.Arch. and Arijana Pašić BSc Arch

-          photodocumentation, 28 photographs taken on 12 August 2010 by Gračanica Municipality, Department of Spatial Planning, Geodetics and Proprietary Rights

-          excerpt from orthophoto survey by Gračanica Municipality, Department of Spatial Planning, Geodetics and Proprietary Rights

 

Bibliography

During the procedure to designate the monument as a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina the following works were consulted: 

 

1988.    Tihić, Esad - Hamzić, Omer. Gračanica i okolina u NOB-u i revoluciji (Gračanica and environs in the peoples’ war of liberation and the revolution). Gračanica: 1988.

 

1998.    Hamzić, Omer. “Gračaničke džamije – historija i predanje” (Gračanica’s mosques, history and tradition), Gračanički glasnik – časopis za kulturnu historiju, no. 5. Gračanica: Monos, 1998.

 

1998.    Mujezinović, Mehmed. Islamska epigrafika Bosne i Hercegovine – knjiga II – Istočna i centralna Bosna (Islamic epigraphics of BiH – vol II – East and central Bosnia). Sarajevo: Sarajevo Publishing, 1998.

 

2004.    Šaković, Edin. “Značaj vakufa u razvoju gračaničke čaršije” (The significance of vakufs in the development of the Gračanica čaršija), Gračanički glasnik – časopis za kulturnu historiju, no. 17. Gračanica: Monos, 2004.

 

(1) Letter ref. 260/10 of 9 August 2010 which had not officially been sent to the Commission was appended. This letter expressed a negative view of the designation of the Lipanjska Mosque as a national monument.

(2) Gračanica is a town in north-east Bosnia and Herzegovina in Tuzla Canton, and the centre of the eponymous municipality, which covers much of the lower Spreča valley and part of Mt. Trebava.

(3) Mujezinović, Mehmed, Islamska epigrafika Bosne i Hercegovine – knjiga II – Istočna i centralna Bosna, Sarajevo: Sarajevo – Publishing, 1998, 185

(4) Namely: Čiriš (with Friday mosque), Potok (Friday mosque), Mejdan (Friday mosque), Olovi (masjid, later a Friday mosque), the Derviš-hojja Mosque (location unknown), Trepanići or Pervane (Friday mosque), Gojsalići (masjid, later a Friday mosque) and Drafnići (masjid). Tihić, Esad - Hamzić, Omer, Gračanica i okolina  u NOB-u i revoluciji, Gračanica: 1988, 36, 37

(5) The name of the River Gračanica. Tihić, Esad-Hamzić, Omer, Gračanica i okolina u NOB-u i revoluciji, Gračanica: 1988, 38

(6) Paša-zade (with Friday mosque) and Hidajet (with mosque, later known as Donja mahala). Tihić, Esad-Hamzić, Omer, Gračanica i okolina  u NOB-u i revoluciji, Gračanica: 1988, 38

(7) Gračanica's oldest mosque is referred to in 1604 as the Časna Mosque, the name given to the first mosque in certain towns. Šaković, Edin, “Značaj vakufa u razvoju gračaničke čaršije,” Gračanički glasnik – časopis za kulturnu historiju, no. 17, Gračanica: Monos, 2004, 70

(8) Hamzić, Omer, “Gračaničke džamije-historija i predanje,” Gračanički glasnik – časopis za kulturnu historiju, no. 5, Gračanica: Monos, 1998, 25

(9) Almost nothing is known of the vakuf. According to Kreševljaković a certain Mula Mustafa Muderizović was working at about this time as muderis [professor] of the Ahmed-efendi medresa in Visoko, having succeeded his father Husein-efendi of Gračanica in the post. Šaković, Edin, “Značaj vakufa u razvoju gračaničke čaršije,” Gračanički glasnik – časopis za kulturnu historiju, no. 17, Gračanica: Monos, 2004, 75, 76

(10) The vakufnama has been lost. Hamzić, Omer, “Gračaničke džamije-historija i predanje,” Gračanički glasnik – časopis za kulturnu historiju, no. 5, Gračanica: Monos, 1998, 25

(11) Hamzić, Omer, “Gračaničke džamije-historija i predanje,” Gračanički glasnik – časopis za kulturnu historiju, no. 5, Gračanica: Monos, 1998, 25

(12) There was a fountain by the old mosque, fed by water from Drijenča via wooden pipes and serving the mosque and the mahala until 1937, when the wooden pipes were replaced by iron pipes. (Hamzić, Omer, “Gračaničke džamije-historija i predanje,” Gračanički glasnik – časopis za kulturnu historiju, no. 5, Gračanica: Monos, 1998, 26)

(13) Bećirbegović, Madžida, Džamije sa drvenom munarom u Bosni i Hercegovini, Sarajevo: Sarajevo – Publishing, 1999, 181

(14) Hamzić, Omer, “Gračaničke džamije-historija i predanje,” Gračanički glasnik – časopis za kulturnu historiju, broj 5, Gračanica: Monos, 1998., 26

(15) The petition to designate the Lipanjska (Hajji Džaferova, Lipa) Mosque in Gračanica, submitted to the Commission to Preserve National Monuments by the Centre for Islamic Studies in Sarajevo on 10 February, was accompanied by the file of the property forming part of the Register of Mosques in BiH, stating that repairs to the mosque were carried out in 1996.

(16) The reference spot height of ±0'00 is that of the central passage.

(17) There are no available details on the date of the extension.

(18) Description by orientalist Hazim. Unmanaged following a visit to the Lipanjska (Hajji Džaferova, Lipa) Mosque in Gračanica on 25 December 2011 [sic – presumably 2010, see 5, current condition].  

(19) Description of the nišans by orientalist Hazim Numanagić following a visit to the Lipanjska (Hajji Džaferova, Lipa) Mosque in Gračanica on 25 December 2011 [sic – presumably 2010, see 5, current condition].

(20) Hamzić, Omer, “Gračaničke džamije-historija i predanje,” Gračanički glasnik – časopis za kulturnu historiju, no. 5, Gračanica: Monos, 1998, 26



Lipa mosque with haremNortheast facade Southeast facade Southwest facade
Entrance facadeInterior of the mosque Northeast walMihrab
MimberMahfil (gallery) Entrance to the minaret Minaret construction
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