Status of monument -> National monument
Published in the Official Gazette of BiH no. 40/10.
Pursuant to Article V para. 4 Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Article 39 para. 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, at a session held from 9 to 12 February 2010 the Commission adopted a
D E C I S I O N
The architectural ensemble of the old mosque in the village of Rujnica, Municipality Zavidovići is hereby designated as a National Monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the National Monument).
The architectural ensemble consists of the mosque and harem with burial ground, and a levha dating from 1923-24.
The National Monument is located on a site designated as cadastral plot no. 1701, cadastral municipality Rujnica, Municipality Zavidovići, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The provisions relating to protection measures set forth by the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, established pursuant to Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of the Federation of BiH nos. 2/02, 27/02, 6/04 and 51/07) shall apply to the National Monument.
The Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the Government of the Federation) shall be responsible for providing the legal, scientific, technical, administrative and financial measures necessary for the protection, conservation and presentation of the National Monument.
The Commission to Preserve National Monuments (hereinafter: the Commission) shall determine the technical requirements and secure the funds for preparing and erecting signboards with basic details of the monument and the Decision to proclaim the property a National Monument.
To ensure the on-going protection of the National Monument on the site defined in Clause 1 para. 3 of this Decision, the following protection measures are hereby stipulated:
- all works are prohibited other than investigative works, conservation, remedial and restoration works, and works necessary to ensure the sustainable functioning of the property, with the approval of the Federal ministry responsible for regional planning and under the expert supervision of the heritage protection authority of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina;
- a programme of investigative geomechanical works and the excavations of sondage trenches down to the foundations, preceded by propping the walls of the mosque, shall be drawn up;
- after obtaining the results of the geomechanical investigations, which shall include information on the stability, bearing capacity and geomechanical characteristics of the soil, the depth of the foundations, the condition of the basic structure of the bearing walls, and the materials, geometry and construction of the foundations of the mosque, a report on the structural condition of the bearing walls and possible remedial works shall be drawn up;
- during restoration, conservation and repair works on the buildings, their original appearance shall be preserved, using original materials and applying original methods of treating the materials and original building techniques;
- the levha shall be conserved and restored as a matter of urgency.
All executive and area development planning acts are hereby revoked to the extent that they are not in accordance with the provisions of this Decision.
Everyone, and in particular the competent authorities of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Canton, and urban and municipal authorities, shall refrain from any action that might damage the National Monument or jeopardize the preservation and rehabilitation thereof.
The removal of the levha referred to in Clause 1 para. 3 of this Decision (hereinafter: the movable heritage) from Bosnia and Herzegovina is prohibited.
By way of exception to the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Clause, the temporary removal from Bosnia and Herzegovina of the movable heritage for the purposes of display or conservation shall be permitted if it is established that conservation works cannot be carried out in Bosnia and Herzegovina or can be carried out to a higher standard and more quickly and cheaply abroad.
Permission for temporary removal under the conditions stipulated in the preceding paragraph shall be issued by the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, if it is determined beyond doubt that it will not jeopardize the movable heritage in any way.
In granting permission for the temporary removal of the movable heritage, the Commission shall stipulate all the conditions under which the removal from Bosnia and Herzegovina may take place, the date by which the items shall be returned to the country, and the responsibility of individual authorities and institutions for ensuring that these conditions are met, and shall notify the Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the relevant security service, the customs authority of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the general public accordingly.
The Government of the Federation, the federal ministry responsible for regional planning, the Federation heritage protection authority, and the Municipal Authorities in charge of urban planning and land registry affairs, shall be notified of this Decision in order to carry out the measures stipulated in Articles II to VI of this Decision, and the Authorized Municipal Court shall be notified for the purposes of registration in the Land Register.
The elucidation and accompanying documentation form an integral part of this Decision, which may be viewed by interested parties on the premises or by accessing the website of the Commission (http://www.aneks8komisija.com.ba)
Pursuant to Art. V para 4 Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, decisions of the Commission are final.
This Decision shall enter into force on the day following its publication in the Official Gazette of BiH.
This Decision has been adopted by the following members of the Commission: Zeynep Ahunbay, Martin Cherry, Amra Hadžimuhamedović, Dubravko Lovrenović and Ljiljana Ševo.
10 February 2010
Chair of the Commission
E l u c i d a t i o n
I – INTRODUCTION
Pursuant to Article 2, paragraph 1 of the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, established pursuant to Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a “National Monument” is an item of public property proclaimed by the Commission to Preserve National Monuments to be a National Monument pursuant to Articles V and VI of Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and property entered on the Provisional List of National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of BiH no. 33/02) until the Commission reaches a final decision on its status, as to which there is no time limit and regardless of whether a petition for the property in question has been submitted or not.
On 19 February 2007 the Majlis of the Islamic Community of Zavidovići submitted a proposal/petition to the Commission to Preserve National Monuments to designate the old mosque in the village of Rujnica, Municipality Zavidovići, as a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Pursuant to the provisions of the law, the Commission proceeded to carry out the procedure for reaching a final decision to designate the Property as a National Monument, pursuant to Article V para. 4 of Annex 8 and Article 35 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments.
Statement of Significance
The old mosque in the village of Rujnica is a typical example of vernacular Muslim architecture between the two world wars. Details relating to the endowment of the land and the recollections of local residents suggest that it was built in 1934-1934 on the site of an earlier wooden mosque which, according to local oral tradition, was dismantled, transported from Kurtići (now in Maglaj Municipality, on the slopes of Mt Ozren) by ox cart to Rujnica in 1934, and reassembled there. It stands in a burial ground where there are a number of nišan tombstones with epitaphs dating from the 19th century. The building has the typological features of the majority of traditional mosques in Bosnia and Herzegovina – a single space building with hipped roof and wooden minaret. It is a rare example, however, of a mosque with a wooden minaret with a “deep front mahfil” – a gallery extending over one to two thirds of the prayer hall. The mahfil in the mosque in Rujnica also extends over the entrance area in an unusual manner, giving it a total depth of 6.85 m to the projecting stand for the muezzin, or 7.10 m overall including the muezzin’s stand.
II – PROCEDURE PRIOR TO DECISION
In the procedure preceding the adoption of a final decision to proclaim the property a national monument, the following documentation was inspected:
- Details of the current condition and use of the property, including a description and photographs, data of war damage, data on restoration or other works on the property, etc.
- Historical, architectural and other documentary material on the property, as set out in the bibliography forming part of this Decision.
The findings based on the review of the above documentation and the condition of the site are as follows:
1. Details of the property
Eight kilometres along the old regional road from Zavidovići to Maglaj, approx. 300 m south-west of the point where the little river Rujnica joins the river Bosna, a local asphalt road forks off to the east, leading to the village of Rujnica 4 km away. The architectural ensemble of the mosque in Rujnica is by the road, to the south, on a site designated as c.p. no. 1701, cadastral municipality Rujnica, Municipality Zavidovići, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
There are no written records of the construction of mosques and mektebs in the villages in what is now Zavidovići Municipality, and the kanun-namas in which the endowments of vakufs for the construction and maintenance of mosques and mektebs mainly relate to major buildings in towns and cities. The earliest reliable sources on the mosques in Zavidovići Municipality are the Austro-Hungarian topographical maps of 1882, on which the mosques in the villages of Ribnica (Mujići), Osječani (Slivići), Gare, Perovići (Pašin Konak), Rujnica (Jolde), Junuzovići (Krčavine), Krivaja (Krajnići) and Borovnica (Šehići) are marked(1).
The interior features of the mosque suggest that it dated from the 19th century.
“According to the Annals of the Gazi Husrev-bey Library, vols V-VI, vakuf endowments from Zavidovići Municipality were recorded, to wit that of Husejn Frković [son of] Ibro of Rujnica, who endowed a plot of 2 dunums and 570 m2 for the mosque on 30 July 1930.” (2)
According to the information provided by the Islamic Community of Zavidovići, the present building dates from 1935 and was erected on the site of an older wooden mosque that had been moved from Kurtići (now in Maglaj Municipality on the slopes of Mt Ozren).
According to the Board of the Rujnica mosque, the former mosque in Kurtići, in the foothills of Mt Ozren, was built in 1903 by the Mujanović, Mahmić and other families in the village, taking them three years. It was dismantled in 1933 and transported on wooden ox carts from Kurtići to Rujnica in 1934 by residents of the villages of Joldo, Luk, Blizna, Husići and Kurtići.
Kalabić Mustafa (b. 1929), who was a councillor of the jamaat (congregation) of Rujnica, stated that the following served as imams of the Rujnica mosque: Imamović Salko, Hodžić Mustafa of Karići, Imamović Huso, Kadrić Rašid, Sinanović Mehmed, Mujić Hasan of Krčavini, Bećirević Husejn of Željezno Polje and Hadžić Sifet; since 2008, Bektaš Semir has served as imam.
Kalabić Mustafa’s recollection is that all that survived of the original old mosque in Kurtići was the wooden minaret, and that the mosque was built by local Orthodox craftsmen from Bijelo Polje-Grabovica in Maglaj Municipality. The stone used to build the mosque was quarried in the local Kamen Do quarry, just a few hundred metres from the mosque, and the timbers were brought from Saona in Banovići Municipality. He states that cracks began to appear in the mosque as early as 1938-1940. The mosque was supplied with running water in the 1970s and was wired for electricity in the 1960s.
The information provided by the Islamic Community of Zavidovići, the Board of the mosque in Rujnica, and Kalabić Mustafa’s recollections, is not corroborated in written sources or reliable historical references.
2. Description of the property
The mosque and burial ground with 200-250 nišan tombstones occupy a plot with an area of approx. 3,943 m2, bounded to the north by the local road. The plot slopes down from north to south, and the mosque was erected about 45 m south of the road.
A new domed mosque was built in 1988 on plot no. 1702, c.m. Rujnica, about 20 m south of plot c.p. 1701, c.m. Rujnica, where the old mosque and burial ground stand. Another building alongside the new mosque housed a mekteb, gasulhana (premises for laying out the dead) and abdesthana (premises for ritual ablutions).
Once the new mosque was built, the old one ceased to be used as a place of worship. In August 2009, during an inspection of the condition of the building, it was found to be in use as a storeroom.
The mosque in Rujnica belongs to the type of mosque with a hipped roof and wooden minaret. It has a footprint of approx. 10.29 x 11.40 m. Judging from its interior decorations, the mosque could date from the late 19th or early 20th century.
In layout, the ground floor of the mosque consists of two areas: an entrance area measuring approx. 2.58 x 9.09 m, and the central prayer hall, measuring approx. 9.05 x 6.92 m. The upper storey consists of an unusually deep front mahfil approx. 9.85 m wide and 6.85 m deep. The flooring in the loft space and the presence of two wooden hatches in the attic space by the south-east mihrab wall, direct above the windows, suggest that this space too could be used at prayer times when circumstances dictated.
The entrance area of the ground floor of the mosque, measuring approx. 2.68 x 9.09 m on the inside, with a ceiling height of approx. 200 cm, is enclosed to the sides by stone walls (antas) approx. 60 cm thick, and to the front by a stone wall also approx. 60 cm thick. Midway along the front wall, at ground-floor level, is the double-valved entrance door to the mosque, measuring approx. 139 x 185 cm, to either side of which at a distance of approx. 100 cm is a three-light window of approx. 118 x 280 cm.
Light enters the entrance area through a window on either side, with masonry measurements of approx. 78 x 118 cm on the outside, set in the anta walls. These windows are approx. 220 cm(3) from the line of the entrance façade. A concrete trough of approx. 53 x 200 cm with a height of approx. 30 cm and walls approx 10 cm thick beside the north-east wall of the entrance area suggests that the entrance area was also used as an abdesthana. By the south-west wall is a single-flight wooden staircase of 7 steps of 28/24 cm, with a width of 89 cm, made of wooden boards, leading up to the mahfil.
The final floor covering of the entrance area consists of cement screed.
The entrance area leads through a wooden door approx. 131 cm wide into the central prayer hall, measuring approx. 9.05 x 6.92 m on the inside, with a ceiling height of approx. 4.35 m measured from floor to ceiling of the mosque.
Light enters the central prayer hall through two ranks of two windows in each outside wall. These windows, of which the carpentry measurements are approx. 64 x 103 cm, have outside masonry measurements of approx. 78 x 118 cm, and a parapet height at ground-floor level of approx. 63 cm. The windows are fitted with grilles on the inside of the window lights.
The front mahfil of the mosque is approx. 6.85 m deep, and rests at ground-floor level on two wooden posts approx. 15 x 15 cm in section, set about 287 cm apart. The ceiling height of the mahfil is approx. 200 cm.
At mahfil level are four wooden posts approx. 15 x 15 cm in section set two by two, the first pair about 289 cm apart, above the ground-floor posts, in line with the edge of the mahfil, and the second pair about 340 cm from the first pair and 315 cm from the north-west perimeter wall of the mahfil. The posts are about 340 cm from the side walls of the mahfil. Midway along the front of the mahfil is a semi-elliptical bay for the muezzin, measuring approx. 25 x 92 cm. The front edge of the mahfil is fitted with a wooden railing approx. 50 cm in height.
The floors of the ground floor, mahfil and loft space all consist of floorboards approx. 3 cm thick.
The round-headed mihrab in the south-east wall of the mosque projects outwards from the wall plane by 8 cm and is 158 cm wide and 278 cm high. The mihrab niche is elliptical in section, measuring 35 cm deep x 101 cm wide x 190 cm high. The surface of the mihrab is painted: the niche with vertical bands of yellow, ochre, sienna, light blue and grey, and the part of the mihrab above the niche with a light blue ground spangled with light grey stars and crescent moons and pale ochre foliar decoration. The crown of the mihrab is surrounded by 4-5 cm wide bands of ochre, white and green.
To the south-west of the mihrab is the brick-built mimber measuring 80 cm wide, 225 cm long and 295 cm high to the podium, plus 120 cm for the plinth and pyramidal canopy. It consists of three parts: the portal with steps and wooden railing, the upper pyramidal section consisting of a plinth, six-sided pyramid and alem (finial) with an overall height of approx. 120 cm and set on the podium, and the triangular sides beneath the podium and stair rail.
The wooden mahfil is decorated with cut-out circles and heart-shapes where the vertical boards join, giving the railing a degree of transparency. It is painted in alternating dark green and white. The posts supporting the mahfil are carved with geometric designs of circles and triangles, highlighted by being painted ochre, red, green, white and blue.
The walls of the mosque are approx. 60 cm thick at ground-floor level, and are of hewn stone; at mahfil level, they are much thinner, at only 15 cm, and are half-timbered, consisting of oak posts approx. 15 x 15 cm in section with an infill of hollow bricks of approx. 30 x 15 x 7 cm. The walls are plastered only on the inside. On the outside, the stone blocks are left exposed, and the joints were pointed.
Access to the loft space is from the mahfil, via a steep wooden staircase of 8 steps of 26/26 cm with a width of 70 cm, made of wooden boards, about 74 cm from the south-west side wall and approx. 350 cm from the north-west front wall. These steps are fitting with a wooden hatch separating the mahfil from the loft space.
The wooden roof framed consists of 12 x 13 cm rafters set approx. 90 cm apart and a ridge beam resting on purlins (the wall plate and a central purlin). The purlins rest on multiple king posts of approx. 13 x 13 cm, held in place at a height of approx. 1.20 – 1.30 m above the loft floor by 2 x 8/10 cm ties; the king posts themselves rest on three 16 x 16 cm tie beams set longitudinally. The ceiling joists are fixed to the underside of and at right angles to the tie beams and are spaced about 90 cm apart.
The ceiling joists parallel to the mihrab wall are covered on the underside by “šiše” boards approx. 25-30 cm wide set edge to edge with the longitudinal joints covered by moulded slats. One-inch boards are nailed to the top of the joists in the loft.
Access to the minaret is from the loft space. Inside the minaret, 33 steps with a height of approx. 25 cm lead to the šerefe of the minaret with a covered gallery.
The bearing structure of the šerefe consists of eight 8 x 8 cm posts set equidistant from each other. The floor of the šerefe consists of boards 5 cm thick and 24 cm wide. The cladding of the šerefe and the minaret itself is composed of 3 x 8 cm crossbars fixed to the posts, with vertical boards nailed to the crossbars. About 80 cm above the floor of the šerefe are round-headed windows on each side, fitted with movable shutters.
The central wooden mast consists of a wooden pole approx. 14 cm in diameter. The vertical structure of the minaret consists of eight outer posts approx. 11 x 11 cm in section, forming an octagon of which the opposite sides are approx. 148 cm apart on the outside, with the posts approx. 57 cm from the central mast. This structure rests on a wooden grill consisting of three horizontal 16 x 20 cm beams parallel with the entrance and mihrab walls, joined by mortise and tenon to two horizontal 16 x 20 cm beams, so that each of the eight bearing posts of the minaret rests of one of the beams of the grill, which in turn rests on and is fixed to the ceiling joists.
The levha that is still housed in the mosque is on paper, quite badly damaged by damp. The ink has run in places, and parts of the levha have been destroyed by damp. The levha measures 46.5 x 40 cm, and consists of four equal sections in which a number of texts are written in thuluth Arabic script in different-coloured inks. The levha is not signed, but bears the date 1923/24, indicating that it came with the mosque from the village of Kurtići.
- The top right-hand corner, which is the most badly damaged, contains the last verse of sura 71 of the Qur’an, in violet ink:
رب اغفر لي و لوالدي و لمن دخل بيتي مؤمنا و للمؤمنين و المؤمنات و لا تزد الظالمين الا تبارا
My Lord, forgive me and my parents and whosoever enters my house as a believer, and the believers, men and women alike; and do Thou not increase the evildoers save in ruin!
- The top left-hand corner contains the following three-line text, in red ink:
يا مالك الملك نجني من المهالك انت الابدي الباقي و كل شيء
O Lord of the worlds, save me from downfall and protect me from all things, Thou are the First, the Eternal.
- The bottom right-hand corner contains part of Sura 21 verse 87 of the Qur’an:
لا اله الا انت سبحانك اني كنت من الظالمين 1342
There is no god but Thou. Glory be to Thee! I have done evil. Year 1342
- The bottom left-hand corner contains the following text in brown ink:
يا حضرت محمد عليه السالم
Muhammad, peace be upon him.
Burial ground by the mosque
The mosque burial ground contains about 100 nišan tombstones in all, mostly of recent date, but including fifteen older ones.
1. Man’s nišan with smooth turban, measuring 17x15.5x78 cm, with an epitaph in Arabic.
هو الخلاق الباقي المرحوم المغفور المحتاج الي رحمة الله عليه حسين ابن عبد الله روحيجون الله رضاسيجون الفاتجة سنة 1315
He is the Eternal Creator. Beloved and forgiven, may God have mercy upon him, Husejn, son of Abdulah. [Recite] Fatiha for his soul and to please God. Year 1315 (1897/98)
2. Man’s nišan with pleated turban, measuring 16x15.5x80 cm with a simple epitaph in Arabic.
المرحوم المحتاج الي رحمة رب الغفار عبد الله اغا 1292
Beloved Abdulah-aga, may God who forgives have mercy on him. 1292 (1875/76).
3. Man’s nišan with pleated turban measuring 14x14x62 cm, without epitaph.
4. Man’s nišan with pleated turban measuring 14x11x48 cm, without epitaph.
5. Nišan with smooth turban measuring 12.5x12.5x45 cm, without epitaph.
6. Man’s nišan with pleated turban measuring 15x14x82 cm, with epitaph in arebica script.
مرحوم حسن ابن حسين ومه روو يه سنة
1359 - 1940
Beloved Hasan, son of Husejn, died 1359 – 1940.
7. Man’s nišan with pleated turban measuring 14.5x14.5x62 cm, without epitaph.
8. Nišan with woman's cap measuring 11x11x72 cm, with epitaph in arebica script (the vernacular language written in Arabic script).
مرحوما تيفا بنت اودو ...
Merhuma [the late] Tifa, daughter of Avdo … 14.4.1940.
9. Man’s nišan with pleated turban measuring 16x12x60 cm, without epitaph.
10. Nišan with woman's cap measuring 14.5x13x59 cm, without epitaph
11. Man’s nišan with pleated turban measuring 15x13x60 cm, without epitaph.
12. Man’s nišan with pleated turban measuring 16x16x80 cm, without epitaph.
13. Man’s nišan with pleated turban measuring 15x13x60 cm, lying on the ground and partly buried, without epitaph.
14. Man’s nišan with pleated turban, damaged, measuring 14x11x62 cm, without epitaph.
15. Man’s nišan with pleated turban measuring 17x17x90 cm, without epitaph.
3. Legal status to date
The property has neither been listed nor entered in the Register of Monuments(4).
4. Research and conservation and restoration works
There is no information available concerning any conservation or restoration works.
Two steel cables with a diameter of approx. 20 mm, set at the base of the half-timbered wall on the lower crossbeam, join the mihrab wall and the wall separating the central prayer hall from the entrance area by tension. These steel ties are clearly an attempt to stop the south-east half-timbered wall from being displaced outwards.
According to Kalabić Mustafa (b. 1929), who was a councillor of the Rujnica jamaat, in 2007 a drainage system was laid around the building, during which it was found that it rests on very shallow foundations. The roof was tiled at the same time.
5. Current condition of the property
The mosque is in relatively poor condition. It has not been in use since 1988, and is in a state of neglect, particularly the interior, which is being used as a storeroom.
The greatest threat to the building is the very pronounced structural cracks at each corner of the outside walls, which need urgent remedial works. In addition, the walls are visibly coming apart at first-floor level at the east corner of the building.
The shallow foundations of the mosque, within the freezing zone, the clay soil, and the fact that the downpipes at each corner of the building drain rainwater and melting snow from the roof so that the shallow foundations are constantly being undercut, suggest the reason for the subsidence at each corner of the building and the appearance of diagonal structural cracks through the entire thickness of the stone walls of the ground floor.
The walls and floors of the first floor and the roof timbers are dry, and the woodwork is also in good condition.
The levha urgently requires conservation and restoration.
III – CONCLUSION
Applying the Criteria for the adoption of a decision on proclaiming an item of property a national monument (Official Gazette of BiH nos. 33/02 and 15/03), the Commission has enacted the Decision cited above.
The Decision was based on the following criteria:
A. Time frame
B. Historical value
C. Artistic and aesthetic value
C.i. quality of workmanship
C.v. value of details
E. Symbolic value
E.i. ontological value
E.ii. religious value
E.iii. traditional value
E.iv. relation to rituals or ceremonies
E.v. significance for the identity of a group of people
F. Townscape/landscape value
F.iii. the building or group of buildings is part of a group or site
G.iii. use and function
G.iv. traditions and techniques
G.v. location and setting
G.vi. spirit and feeling
G.vii. other internal and external factors
H. Rarity and representativity
H.i. unique or rare example of a certain type or style
The following documents form an integral part of this Decision:
- Copy of cadastral plan, scale 1:2500, plan no. 5, c.p. no. 1701, c.m. Rujnica, Municipality Zavidovići, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina, issued by the Department of Geodetics, Proprietary Rights and Urban Planning, Municipality Zavidovići, on 24 August 2009;
- Transcript of title deed no. 527 (for c.p. no. 1960, property of the Vakuf of the of the Rujnica mosque), c.m. Rujnica, Municipality Zavidovići, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina, issued by the Department of Geodetics, Proprietary Rights and Urban Planning, Municipality Zavidovići, on 24 August 2009;
- Photographs of the architectural ensemble of the old mosque in the village of Rujnica near Zavidovići taken on 24 August 2009 by architect Emir Softić, using FujiFilm FinePix S8100fd digital camera;
- Technical documentation:
- Technical drawings of the old mosque in the village of Rujnica near Zavidovići; surveyed on 24 August 2009 and drawings made of technical survey by architect Emir Softić.
During the procedure to designate the architectural ensemble of the old mosque in the village of Rujnica near Zavidovići as a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina the following works were consulted:
1999. Bećirbegović, Madžida (1999), Džamije sa drvenom munarom u Bosni i Hercegovini (Mosques with Wooden Minarets in Bosnia and Herzegovina), Sarajevo.
1999. Mujkić, Jusuf H. (1999), Zavidovići kroz historiju: društveno-ekonomski i kulturni razvoj područja zavidovićke općine od polovine XV do kraja XX vijeka (Zavidovići over the Centuries: the Socio-economic and Cultural Development of Zavidovići Municipality from the mid 15th to the late 20th century).
Details from the Majlis of the Islamic Community, Zavidovići
(1) Jusuf Mujkić, vol. 1, p. 48
(2) Jusuf Mujkić, vol. 1, p. 48, fn. 57
(3) Measured on the outside
(4) Letter from the Institute for the Protection of Monuments of the Federal Ministry of Culture and Sport ref. 07-40-4-3323-1/09 of 01.09.2009 to the Commission to Preserve National Monuments.