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60th session - Decisions

Cultural landscape with inscription of the Mastan Bubanjić in Donja Drežnica

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Status of monument -> National monument

Pursuant to Article, V para. 4, Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Article 39, para. 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, at a session held from 16 to 22 May 2006 the Commission adopted a

 

D E C I S I O N

 

I

 

The historic landscape with inscription of Mastan Bubanjić in Donja Drežnica near Mostar is hereby designated as a National Monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the National Monument).

            The National Monument consists of a cultural landscape with an inscription on a rock face.

The National Monument is located on cadastral plot no. 9690, Land Register entry no. x, cadastral municipality Drežnica, City of Mostar, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The provisions relating to protection measures set forth by the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, established pursuant to Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of the Federation of BiH nos. 2/02, 27/02 and 6/04) shall apply to the National Monument.

 

II

 

The Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the Government of the Federation) shall be responsible for providing the legal, scientific, technical, administrative and financial measures necessary to protect, conserve and display the National Monument.

The Commission to Preserve National Monuments (hereinafter: the Commission) shall determine the technical requirements and provide funds for preparing and setting up signboards with the basic data on the monument and the Decision to proclaim the property a National Monument.

 

III

 

            To ensure the on-going protection of the National Monument, the following measures are hereby stipulated:

Protection Zone I comprises the area defined in Clause I para. 3 of this Decision. The following protection measures shall apply in this zone:

  • research and conservation and restoration works, routine maintenance works, and works designed to display the monument shall be permitted, with the approval of the Federal ministry responsible for regional planning (hereinafter: the relevant ministry) and under the expert supervision of the heritage protection authority of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the heritage protection authority);
  • the site of the monument shall be open and accessible to the public and may be used for educational and cultural purposes;

Protection Zone II comprises a 100 m wide protection strip bordering Protection Zone I. The following measures shall apply in this zone:

  • building and infrastructure works shall be permitted with the approval of the relevant ministry and subject to the expert opinion of the heritage protection authority, given that there are good reasons to believe that the site contgains the remains of mediaeval buildings;
  • in the event that significant material remains are found during such works, archaeological excavations to protect the site and for the purposes of reconsideration [of building/works permits?] shall be conducted;
  • all finds shall be presented in a manner to be determined by the Commission;
  • the dumping of waste is prohibited.

 

IV

 

            All executive and area development planning acts not in accordance with the provisions of this Decision are hereby revoked.

 

V

 

Everyone, and in particular the competent authorities of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Canton, and the city and municipal authorities, shall refrain from any action that might damage the National Monument or jeopardize the preservation thereof.

 

VI

 

            The Government of the Federation, the Federal Ministry responsible for regional planning, the Federation heritage protection authority, and the Municipal Authorities in charge of urban planning and land registry affairs, shall be notified of this Decision in order to carry out the measures stipulated in Articles II to V of this Decision, and the Authorized Municipal Court shall be notified for the purposes of registration in the Land Register.

 

VII

 

The elucidation and accompanying documentation form an integral part of this Decision, which may be viewed by interested parties on the premises or by accessing the website of the Commission (http://www.aneks8komisija.com.ba).

 

VIII

 

Pursuant to Article V, Para. 4, Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, decisions of the Commission are final.

 

IX

 

This Decision shall enter into force on the date of its adoption and shall be published in the Official Gazette of BiH.

 

           This Decision has been adopted by the following members of the Commission: Zeynep Ahunbay, Amra Hadžimuhamedović, Dubravko Lovrenović, Ljiljana Ševo and Tina Wik.

 

No: 05.1-2-309/05-6

17 May 2006

Sarajevo

 

Chair of the Commission

Amra Hadžimuhamedović

 

E l u c i d a t i o n

 

I – INTRODUCTION

 

Pursuant to the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, established pursuant to Article 2, Para. 1 of Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a “National Monument” is an item of public property proclaimed by the Commission to Preserve National Monuments to be a National Monument, pursuant to Articles V and VI of Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as the property entered on the Provisional List of National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of BiH no. 33/02) until the Commission reaches the final decision on its status, as to which there is no time limit and regardless of whether a request for the property in question has been submitted or not.

On 11 May 2006 Lidija Fekeža, custodian for the mediaeval period of the National Museum in Sarajevo, submitted a proposal/petition to designate the historic landscape with inscription of Mastan Bubanjić as a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

            Pursuant to the provisions of the law, the Commission proceeded to carry out the procedure for reaching the final decision to designate the property as a national monument, pursuant to Article V, para. 4 of Annex 8 and Article 35 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments.

       

II – PROCEDURE PRIOR TO DECISION

 

            In the procedure preceding the adoption of the final decision to proclaim the property a national monument, the following documentation was inspected:

  • Documentation on the location and current owner and user of the property (copy of cadastral plan and land register entry),
  • Data on the current condition and use of the property, including a description and photographs, data on war damage, data on restoration or other works on the property, etc.,
  • Historical, architectural and other documentary material on the property.

 

            The findings based on the review of the above documentation and on the condition of the property are as follows:

 

1. Details of the property

 

Location

            The valley of the river Drežanjka, the central course of which runs through a deep gorge, is relatively densely populated in a series of small village groups, which can generally be defined as Donja and Gornja Drežnica (Lower and Upper Drežnica). The valley is around 20 km long, with only two natural ways out, one at each end. These are the point at which the Drežanjka joins the Neretva to the east and Klanci to the west, next to the plateau around the Blidinje Lake, above its source. The area is surrounded by the massifs of Mt. Čvrsnica to the north and Mt. Čabulja to the south.

            The inscription of Duke Mastan Bubanjić is engraved in a rock face in a place known as Toplo in Donja Drežnica.

Historical information

The area around the river Drežanjka belonged to the early mediaeval župa (county) of Večenika – Večerić, which bordered the counties of Rama and Duvno. A hoard of Byzantine money, with around 300 gold coins minted during the reign of Emperor Romanus III Argyrus(1),  originates from early mediaeval times. In early feudal days the county was composed of lesser territorial and political units. First Broćno and then Blato appeared after the breakup of the county of Večenike. The remainder of the territory was still called Večerić (Večenike), though other administrative units like Planina, Polje and Drežnica had come  into being by the early 15th century. Although Drežnica was small in terms of population and area, it enjoyed a certain administrative and political autarchy, as a result of its geographic isolation (P. Anđelić, 1976, 274).

From 1325 on the area became part of Bosnia, governed by the Kotromanić family. In 1357, together with Western Hum, it fell to the Hungarian King Ludwig I, as dowry of his wife Jelisaveta, daughter of Stjepan Kotromanić. After the death of King Ludwig, this area came within the mediaeval Bosnian state, remaining part of it at least until 1463.

The landowning family of Mesnović, Duke Mastan Bubanjić and his descendants, lived in Donja Drežnica. The inscription of Mastan Bubanjić can be approximately dated to the reign of King Ludwig and the Bosnian ban (governor) Tvrtko, between 1356 and 1366.

Apart from the contents of the inscription, which refers to Duke Mastan and his two sons, Radoslav and Miroslav, two further authentic written sources relating to this landowning family can be mentioned. The first is the records of decisions of the Dubrovnik Council, which include a decision to accept Mastan’s son, Duke Radoslav, and his sons and nephews from Hum as inhabitants of Dubrovnik on 28 May 1381.  The second source, dated 8 October 1382, is a decision made in Dubrovnik granting Radoslav Mesnović permission to deposit corn and honey in the town(2).

 

2. Description of the property

 

The cultural landscape consists of a somewhat level area beside a tall rock face with the inscription, bounded on one side by forest and the rock face, and on the other by the slopes that descend, terrace-style, towards the left bank of the Drežanjka. The remains of a mediaeval settlement have been found in several places: traces of houses and retaining walls abutting onto the rock faces, and in one chimney nook a fire place with a fairly deep stratum of mediaeval pottery. A number of pottery shards of the same kind have been found in front of the second chimney nook and on the slope facing the banks of the Neretva. The houses were probably made of wood, abutting against the rock faces on one side, for which natural fissures were mainly used (V. Atanacković-Salčić, 1988, 307)(3).

The inscription is incised on an almost vertical face of the rock. It covers an area of 110 x 75 cm, and is about 2m above ground level. The script is Bosnian Cyrillic.

 

Transcription in full:

In the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. This is the court of Duke Mastan and his sons Radoslav and Miroslav. This was written by a servant of God and Saint Dimitri in the time of the Hungarian King Loiš and Bosnian ban Tvrtko. The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit shall damn him who destroys it. (M. Vego. 1962, 33).

 

3. Legal status to date

 

No data as to the legal status to date.

It has not been registered in the Provisional List of National Monuments of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments. The decision is made based on the petition mentioned above.

 

4. Research and conservation and restoration works

 

No conservation and restoration works whatsoever have been carried out on the monument.

 

5. Current condition of the property

 

During an on-site inspection, carried out in November 2005, the following was ascertained:

The inscription is in sound condition. The upper left-hand corner of the inscription has been damaged by weathering. A picnic site has been set up on the plateau in front of the rock face.

 

6. Specific risks to which the monument is exposed

 

A cramp has been fixed to the rock face about twenty centimetres from the inscription, probably to provide hand or footholds for climbers. The inscription could be damaged if this side of the rock face is used for climbing in the future.

 

III - CONCLUSION

 

Applying the Criteria for the adoption of a decision on proclaiming an item of property a national monument (Official Gazette of BiH nos. 33/02 and 15/03), the Commission has enacted the Decision cited above.

The Decision is based on the following criteria:

A) Time frame

B) Historical value

C) Artistic and aesthetic value

C. iv. composition         

C. v. value of details

G) Authenticity

G. i. form and design

G. ii. material and content

H) Rarity and representativity

H. i. unique or rare example of a certain type or style.

 

The following documents form an integral part of this Decision:

o        Copy of cadastral plan.

o        Land Register entry.

o        Photodocumentation taken on site, November 2005, photographs 1 to 10.

 

Bibliography

 

During the procedure to designate the property as a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina the following works were consulted:

 

1950     Mazalić, Đoko, Kraći članci i rasprave (o jednom srednjovjekovnom portetu) (Brief Articles and Essays [on a mediaeval portrait]), Journal of the National Museum in Sarajevo, new series, volumes 4-5, Sarajevo, 1950, pages 215-218.

 

1955     Bešlagić, Šefik, Mastan Bubanjić, Year Book of the Historical Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, 67-79, 1955.

 

1962     Vego, Marko, Zbornik srednjovjekovnih natpisa Bosne i Hercegovine (Collection of Mediaeval Inscriptions in Bosnia and Herzegovina), Book I Sarajevo, 1962, 32-33.

 

1976     Anđelić, Pavao, Srednjovjekovna župa Večenike-Večerić (The Mediaeval County of Večenike-Večerić), Journal of the National Museum in Sarajevo, Archaeology, Sarajevo, 1976, 259 -279.

 

1982     Stojaković, Velibor, Etno-socijalni okviri života stanovništva Drežnice (The Ethnosocial Context of the Life of the Inhabitants of Drežnica), Journal of the National Museum in Sarajevo, Ethnology, Sarajevo, 1982, 189-218.

 

1982     Anđelić, Pavao, "Mesnovići, Masnovići, Bubanjići - humska i bosanska vlastela" (The Mesnovićs, the Masnovićs, the Bubanjićs – the Nobility of Hum and Bosnia), (Offprint from the magazine Herzegovina, no. 2/1982), Mostar, 1982.

 

1983     Niškanović, Miroslav, Porijeklo stanovništva Drežnice (The Origin of the Drežnica Population), Journal of the National Museum in Sarajevo, Ethnology, Sarajevo, 1983, 1 – 61.

 

1988     Various authors, Arheološki leksikon Bosne i Hercegovine (Archaeological Lexicon of Bosnia and Herzegovina), volume 3, National Museum in Sarajevo, Sarajevo 1988.

 

2004     Niškanović, Miroslav, Naselja Drežnice i njihovo stanovništvo – Srednji vijek sa najstarijom istorijom i turski period (Settlements of Drežnica – the Mediaeval Period with Earliest History and the Ottoman Period), Journal of the National Museum in Sarajevo, Ethnology, Sarajevo, 2004, 127-184.

 

2005     Zbornik radova (Collected Papers), The First International Scientific Symposium Blidinje 2005. (16 - 17 September 2005).

 

(1)  Lost. Dating from the 11th century. (Archaeological Lexicon of Bosnia and Herzegovina, volume 3, 1988, 205.)

(2)  M. Dinić, Decisions of the Council of the Dubrovnik Republic, I, Belgrade 1951, 257.

(3) Research conducted by V. Atanacković-Salčić. A detailed report on this research has not been published.

 



Location of Toplo in Donja DrežnicaCultural landscape with inscription of the Mastan Bubanjić in Donja Drežnica Inscription  


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