Decisions on Designation of Properties as National Monuments

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Old Krslak house, the site and remains of the historic building

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Status of monument -> National monument

             Pursuant to Article V para. 4 Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Article 39 para. 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, at a session held from 20 to 26 January 2004 the Commission adopted a






            The site and remains of the historic building of the old Kršlak house in Jajce is hereby designated as a National Monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the National Monument).

            The National Monument is located on cadastral plot no. 1232,  cadastral municipality Jajce I, Jajce Municipality, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

            The provisions relating to protection and rehabilitation measures set forth by the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, established pursuant to Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of the Federation of  BiH nos. 2/02, 27/02 and 6/04) shall apply to the National Monument.




             The Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the Government of the Federation) shall be responsible for ensuring and providing the legal, scientific, technical, administrative and financial measures necessary to protect, conserve, display and rehabilitate the National Monument.

            The Government of the Federation shall be responsible for providing the resources needed to draw up and implement the necessary technical documentation for the rehabilitation of the National Monument.

            The Commission to Preserve National Monuments (hereinafter: the Commission) shall determine the technical requirements and secure the funds for preparing and setting up signboards with the basic data on the monument and the Decision to proclaim the property a National Monument.




            To ensure the on-going protection of the National Monument, the following measures are hereby stipulated, relating to c.p. 1232, c.m. Jajce, being the site where the National Monument is located:

Ÿ          the Old Kršlak House shall be rehabilitated on its original site, in its original form, with identical horizontal and vertical dimensions, with the use of the original or the same type of material and the original building methods, on the basis of documentation on its former appearance (architectural technical survey dating from 1956) which constitutes an integral part of this Decision, with the approval of the Federal Ministry responsible for regional planning and under the expert supervision of the heritage protection authority of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter: the heritage protection authority),

Ÿ          prior to the start of rehabilitation works on the Old Kršlak House the plot shall be cleared of wild vegetation, and the surface layers of soil shall be removed in order to uncover original fragments of the house,

Ÿ          original parts of the foundations and foundation walls shall be repaired and consolidated,

Ÿ          all original fragments of the demolished building found on the site or on other sites to which they were removed after the demolition of the building must be collected up, registered, recorded and reintegrated into the reconstructed building by the method of anastylosis, with the use of traditional building materials and binders (mortar) and building techniques.  Until such time as they are so reintegrated they shall be properly preserved,

Ÿ          fragments that are too badly damaged to be reintegrated shall, following laboratory analysis, be conserved and displayed appropriately within the building,

Ÿ          all original usable material shall be rebuilt into the building,

Ÿ          all missing elements for which there is documentation on their original condition shall be made on the basis of existing documentation from materials that are the same as or similar to the originals using the method of repristination

Ÿ          all missing elements for which there is no reliable documentation shall be dealt with under the project in such a way as to ensure that their interpolation is plainly visible.

Ÿ          on the plots adjoining the plot where the National Monument is located, the only construction permitted is of buildings with a maximum height of two storeys, i.e. 6.50 m to the base of the roof frame, and with maximum dimensions of 10 x 10 m, with steeply pitched hipped roofs clad with sheet metal or wooden shingles.




            All executive and area development planning acts not in accordance with the provisions of this Decision are hereby revoked.




            Everyone, and in particular the competent authorities of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Canton, and urban and municipal authorities, shall refrain from any action that might damage the National Monument or jeopardize the preservation and rehabilitation thereof.




            The Government of the Federation, the Federal Ministry responsible for regional planning, the Federation heritage protection authority, and the Municipal Authorities in charge of urban planning and land registry affairs, shall be notified of this Decision in order to carry out the measures stipulated in Articles II to V of this Decision, and the Authorized Municipal Court shall be notified for the purposes of registration in the Land Register.




            The elucidation and accompanying documentation form an integral part of this Decision, which may be viewed by interested parties on the premises or by accessing the website of the Commission (http://www.aneks8komisija.com.ba) 




            Pursuant to Art. V para 4 Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, decisions of the Commission are final.




            This Decision shall enter into force on the date of its adoption and shall be published in the Official Gazette of BiH.


            This Decision has been adopted by the following members of the Commission: Zeynep Ahunbay, Amra Hadžimuhamedović, Dubravko Lovrenović,  Ljiljana Ševo and Tina Wik.


Chair of the Commission

Ljiljana Ševo


Decision no: 07.2-2-522/03-1

21 January 2004




E l u c i d a t i o n


            Pursuant to Article 2, paragraph 1 of the Law on the Implementation of the Decisions of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments, established pursuant to Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a “National Monument” is an item of public property proclaimed by the Commission to Preserve National Monuments to be a National Monument pursuant to Articles V and VI of Annex 8 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina  and property entered on the Provisional List of National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Official Gazette of  BiH no. 33/02) until the Commission reaches a final decision on its status, as to which there is no time limit and regardless of whether a petition for the property in question has been submitted or not.

            On 21 February 2003 Jajce Municipality submitted a petition/proposal to designate the site and remains of the Old Kršlak House as a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

            Pursuant to the provisions of the law, the Commission proceeded to carry out the procedure for reaching a final decision to designate the Property as a National Monument, pursuant to Article V of Annex 8 and Article 35 of the Rules of Procedure of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments.



            In the procedure preceding the adoption of a final decision to proclaim the property a national monument, the following documentation was inspected:

• Documentation on the location and current owner and user of the property (copy of cadastral plan and copy of land registry entry)

• Data on the current condition and use of the property, including a description and photographs, data of war damage, data on restoration or other works on the property, etc.

• Historical, architectural and other documentary material on the property, as set out in the bibliography forming part of this Decision.


            The findings based on the review of the above documentation and the condition of the site are as follows:


1.  Details of the property


            The Old Kršlak house stood in Donja mahala, which  leads from the Clock Tower and Dizdar's house towards the čaršija. It occupies c.p. no. 1232, formerly VIII/203, Land Register entry no. 2329, formerly 1019, c.m. Jajce I, Federation of  Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzergovina.


Historical information

            There are no precise details on when the building was erected, although from the masonry, the type and quality of binders and other building materials, and the treatment of the various structural elements, it could date from the late 18th century.  According to information from the Institute for the Protection of the Culturla, Historical and Natural Heritage, there is reference to the Kršlak family house in Jajce, formerly belonging to the Bahtijarević family, which sold it to the forebears of the present-day Jajce family Kršlak.


2. Description of the property

            The area bounded by the Jajce citadel, the Catacombs, and the Banja Luka gatehouse had a large number of houses of townscape value.

            The old Kršlak house had a basement, ground floor and first floor, and a ground plan of the pure form typical of urban residential architecture in Jajce.  This architecture is given particular emphasis by its high hipped roof, originally with the traditional wooden shingle cladding. 

Like other houses of this type, this one was built of lighter weight materials, although the basement and ground floor were constructed of more durable materials, in this case quarry stone with lime mortar binder, and only the first floor was timber-framed with timber uprights and adobe infill.  In this case, these walls have not only a structural role but also compensate for the irregularity and steep slope of the terrain.

            The basement and ground floor of the old Kršlak house gave it the appearance of a fortified building, with the walls more than 1.00 metre thick in places.  The walls of this building are of varying thickness, ranging from 70 cm on the west to as much as 90-100 on the south side.

            The basement of the Kršlak house had just one room, probably used for storage purposes.  To the north and east it was partly dug into the hillside, while to the south and west, stone walls ranging in width from 60 cm to 1.00 on the south side were erected.  This part of the house had a flat wooden ceiling resting on a timber beam 50 cm from the edge of the north wall.  The beam rested on a single upright 18 x 18 cm in section, set in the centre of the span, with the ends of the beam set into the wall.  The room measured 3.35 x 7.97 m, with a height of 2.07 m. The floor was wooden.  The entrance to the room was to the west.  The room was lit by three windows, one of which resembles a loophole, while the others were normal rectangular windows, 83 and 96 cm wide and 1.05 m. high.  The window lintels consisted of oak beams laid one alongside the other.

            The ground floor of the Kršlak house was roughly square, measuring 8.75 x 9.28 metres.  The main entrance to the building was to the west, where a double door led into the central corridor, from which a double-flight wooden staircase led to the upper floor.  The ground floor also had three rooms, one of which, to the north-east, had a stone barrel-vaulted ceiling.  This room measured 4.70 x 3.50 metres, and was 2.50 m. high in the centre.  The east wall had two small windows resembling loopholes.  The room was entered through a solid iron door.  The other rooms were rather smaller, measuring 3.42 x 3.87 and 4.47 x 3.59 m.  They had a total of five windows to the south, this time round-arched and fitted with iron bars.  On the east side of the house was a small wooden door leading to the garden.

            The upper floor was of similar dimensions and form as the ground floor, except that to the south and east it had an overhang of about 1 metre.  Instead of the solid masonry walls of the ground floor, here the walls were half-timbered, using the post-and-pan system with an infill of adobe.  The weight of the entire upper floor was supported by the stone walls of the ground floor and four wooden beams with a cross-section of 35 x 50 cm spanning the space between the load-bearing walls of the ground floor, which was about 5 m at the centre of the building.  These beams were approximately 2.40 metres apart.

            A wooden double-flight staircase led to the hayat, from which the other rooms of the house were entered.  Apart from the hayat or upper corridor, there were another five rooms on the upper floor, one of which – the endmost south-eastern room – had been turned into a bathroom.

            There were a total of eight rectangular windows on the south side of the upper floor, varying in width from 57 to 67 cm, and all of the same height of 1 metre.  The height of the rooms on the upper floor was 2.55 metres.  The floor and ceiling joists were timber.  The partition walls on the upper floor were of wood, plastered with lime plaster.  On the east side of the house was another door leading to the ćenifa (toilet).  The same door also led, via a wooden passageway, to the Džikovac bastion, which the owner of the building used as a belvedere.

            The house had a steeply pitched hipped wooden roof with a pitch of 45 degrees and was clad with wooden shingles.

            The Kršlak house, like other buildings in this area, gave the impression of having grown organically from the terrain.  This impression was created by the stone-built ground floor, the white painted horizontal surfaces of the upper floor and the steep hipped roof clad with shingles.  The south facade was particularly striking, with a prominent oriel window over the entire length of the building and numerous rectangular windows.

            The house had a spacious cobbled courtyard entered through an arched gate. The courtyard was enclosed by a high stone wall part of which was capped by wooden shingles.  There was a fountain with a stone trough in the courtyard.


3. Legal status to date

• by Ruling of the Institute for the Protection of the Cultural, Historical and Natural Heritage of Bosnia and Herzegovina no. 49/1951, the Kršlak family house was placed under state protection,

• by Ruling of the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina no. 02-754-3 dated 18 April 1962, the Kršlak family house was entered i the Register of Cultural Monuments of NRBiH,

• te Regional Plan of the  Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina to 2002 listed the Kršlak family house as part of the urban ensemble of Jajce which is valued as a Category 0 group, of international importance,

• the draft regional plan for Jajce Municipality (drawn up in 1988 by the Town Planning Institute of Bosnia and Herzegovina) listed the Kršlak family house among 74 individual monuments and minor ensembles to which the protection regime previously stipulated applied


4.  Research and conservation and restoration works

            In 1954 repairs were carried out on the building, together with essential conservation and restoration works – whitewashing the exterior walls and replacing the dilapidated roof cladding.  The works were carried out under the expert supervision of the Institute for the Protection of Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina.


5. Current condition of the building

            During the recent war in Bosnia and Herzegovina the property was completely destroyed.  All that survives are the stone walls of the ground floor and the entrance gate; the upper floor was set on fire and destroyed.  The remains of the wall are exposed to the constant effects of the elements.



            Applying the Criteria for the adoption of a decision on proclaiming an item of property a national monument (Official Gazette of BiH nos. 33/02 and 15/03), the Commission has enacted the Decision cited above.

            The Decision was based on the following criteria:

                        A.  Time frame

                        B.  Historical value

                        C.  Artistic and aesthetic value

                                    C. v. value of details

                        F. Townscape/landscape value

                                    F.ii. meaning in the townscape

                                    F.iii.  the building or group of buildings is part of a group or site


            The following documents form an integral part of this Decision:

-         Copy of cadastral plan

-         Copy of land register entry and proof of title;

-         Photodocumentation;

-         Site plan




            During the procedure to designate the Kršlak House no. 2 as a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina the following works were consulted:


1916.  L. Thalloczy, Povijest Jajca (History of Jajce) Zagreb, 1916.


1951. Kreševljaković, Hamdija, Prilozi povijesti bosanskih gradova pod turskom upravom.(Contributions to the history of Bosnian towns under Turkish rule) Supplements for oriental philology and the history of the Yugoslav peoples under Turkish rule II/1951, Sarajevo, 1952, 119-184.


1952. Mazalić, Đoko, Stari grad Jajce.(Old town of Jajce) Jnl of the National Museum in Sarajevo, n.s. vol VII, Sarajevo, 1952, 59-100.


1953. Kreševljaković, Hamdija, Stari bosanski gradovi.(Old Bosnian towns) Naše starine I, Sarajevo, 1953, 7-47.


1963. Anđelić, Pavao, Jedna etapa izgradnje Jajca. (A stage in the building of Jajce) Collected papers of the Krajina Museum II, Banja Luka, 1963./1964., 50-52.


1967. Basler, Đuro, Sjeverni dio gradskih utvrda u Jajcu.(Northern part of the town fortifications in Jajce) Naše starine XI, Institute for the Protection of Monuments of S.R. BiH, Sarajevo, 1967, 51-58.


1970. Jadrić, Radivoj , Revitalizacija istorijskog jezgra Jajca (Revitalization of the historic centre of Jajce), Sarajevo, 1970.


1978. Kojić-Kovačević, Desanka, Gradska naselja srednjovjekovne bosanske države. (Urban settlements of the mediaeval  Bosnian state) Sarajevo, 1978.


1982. Šabanović, Hazim, Bosanski pašaluk. (The Bosnian pashaluk) Svjetlost, Sarajevo, 1982.


1989. Eminefendić, Hazim, Jajce 1878 – 1941. Sarajevo, 1989.


1995. Popović, Marko, Srednjovekovne tvrđave u Bosni i Hercegovini (Mediaeval fortresses in BiH). in: Collected papers for the history of BiH I. Serbian Academy of Science and the Arts, Belgrade, 1995, 33-55.


1998. Mujezinović, Mehmed, Islamska epigrafika u BiH (Islamic epigraphics in BiH), vol II,  Sarajevo publishing, 1998.


Documentation of the Archives of BiH,


Documentation from archives of Jajce Municipality


Documentation from the Institute for the Protection of Monuments in Jajce of the Federal Ministry of Culture and Sport



Old Krslak house in Jajce, 1952Old Krslak house, 1952Remains of the Old Krslak house in Jajce  

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